Top QA Interview Questions & Answers

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We've put up a list of the most often requested Quality Assurance Interview Questions and Answers to familiarize you with the sorts of Quality Assurance interview questions you could be asked by the interviewer. We have tried to touch all areas of regularly requested QA questions and Quality Analyst interview questions with extensive answers in this list of SQA interview questions to assist you in easily passing the examination.

To help you prepare for your forthcoming interview, we've touched nearly all relevant Quality Assurance Testing interview questions for new students as well as QA Testing interview questions for qualified engineers. This comprehensive list of QA Tester interview questions will dispel any worries you may have regarding QA Engineer interview questions and help you ace your interview.

What is the distinction between quality assurance and software testing?

The purpose of QA (Quality Assurance) is to ensure that the "method" used to create the software is of high quality. Software testing, on the other hand, verifies if the finished product's functioning satisfies the user's requirements.

What is Testware, and how does it work?

Testware refers to the test artifacts that are required to develop and run a test, such as test cases, test data, and test plans.

What is the difference between the terms build and release?

  • Build − The development team assigns a number to software that can be installed and that is then handed to the testing group.

  • Release − The tester or developer assigns a release number to the software before handing it on to the client.

What problems does the SQA (Software Quality Assurance) team encounter while automating testing?

  • Getting to know the automation tool

  • Automation script reusability

  • Test case adaptability for automation

  • Complex test scenarios may be automated.

What is the difference between bug leaking and bug release?

When software is transferred to the testing group with the knowledge that a defect exists in the release, it is referred to as a bug release. The intensity of bugs is low at this time since they may be fixed prior to the final release.

Flaw leaking occurs when a bug is identified by customers but is not noticed by the testing team when the program is being tested.

What is data-driven testing, and how does it work?

Data driven testing is an automated testing framework that examines the AUT's various input values. These numbers are taken straight from the data files. CSV files, excel files, data pools, and other types of data files may be used.

What are the stages in the Bug Cycle?

  • When the tester finds a problem, it is transferred to the development manager as an open issue.

  • The development squad will repair the problem if it is a legitimate flaw.

  • If the fault is not a legitimate one, it will be disregarded and recorded as ancelled.

  • The next phase will be to see whether it falls within the scope of the project. Defects are postponed if the problem is not present in the current version.

  • If a flaw or problem is reported previously, the tester will mark it as DUPLICATE.

  • When a problem is given to a developer to address, it is given the status IN-PROGRESS.

  • The status of the fault will be marked as FIXED after it has been rectified, and if it qualifies the final verification, the tester will mark it as CLOSED.

What is included in the test strategy?

An introduction, resource, scope, and timeline for test activities, test tools, test priorities, test planning, and the sorts of tests that must be done are all included in the test procedure.

What are the many methods of software testing?

  • Testing at the unit level

  • Integration and regression testing are two types of testing.

  • Shakeout testing

  • Testing for smoke

  • Testing for functionality

  • Performance evaluations

  • There are two types of testing: white box and black box.

  • Testing (Alpha and Beta)

  • Stress testing and load testing

  • System evaluation

What is the difference between branch testing and border testing?

Branch testing is the process of testing all of the code branches at the same time. Boundary testing is a kind of software testing that focuses on the program's limit circumstances.

What do test plans and test cases consist of?

  • Testing goals

  • scope of testing

  • Putting the frame to the test

  • The natural world

  • The purpose of the test

  • The admission and departure criteria

  • Deliverables

  • Factors that are at risk

What does agile testing include, and why is it important?

Agile testing refers to software testing that follows the Agile Methodology. The significance of this testing is that, unlike traditional testing, it does not wait for the development team to finish coding before proceeding to testing. Both coding and testing can happen at the same time. It necessitates ongoing customer involvement.

What exactly is a test case?

A test case is a condition that must be verified against the Application Under Test. It contains details about the test processes, requirements, test environment, and results.

What is the Automation Test Plan strategy?

  • The Automation Test Plan's strategy

  • Automation Test Plan Preparation

  • Taking notes on the situation

  • Incorporation of an error handler

  • Checkpoints and looping constructions are added to the script to improve it.

  • Troubleshooting and debugging the script

  • Restart the script

  • Reporting the outcome

What is the purpose of a quality audit?

The quality audit is a systematic and impartial study used to determine the efficacy of quality control methods.

What tools does a tester employ during testing?

  • Selenium

  • Firebug

  • OpenSTA

  • WinSCP

  • For FireBug, YSlow

  • For firebox, there is a toolbar for web developers.

These are only a few examples of tools. The tools a Tester uses will depend on the project.

What is the difference between stress testing, load testing, and volume testing?

  • Load testing is the process of putting an application through its paces under a significant but anticipated load. The term "load" refers to a huge number of users, messages, requests, data, and other items.

  • Stress Testing occurs when the load on the system is increased or accelerated beyond its typical range.

  • Volume testing is the process of determining if a system can manage the appropriate volumes of data, user requests, and other factors.

What are the five most frequent software development solutions?

  • Setting establishing the objectives criteria, software’s needs should be thorough, unambiguous, and agreed upon by all parties.

  • The next step is to create a realistic timeline, which includes time for preparations, designing, analyzing, bug fixes, and re-testing.

  • Adequate testing, begin testing as soon as one or more modules are completed.

  • Use a quick prototype throughout the design process so that buyers can easily see what to anticipate.

  • Tools for group communication

What exactly is a 'USE' instance and what does it entail?

The USE case is a document that explains the user activity and system response for a certain feature. The table of contents, sequence of events, cover page, specific requirements, pre-conditions, and post-conditions are all included.

What is CRUD testing and how do you do CRUD testing?

Create, Read, Update, and Delete is the acronym for Create, Read, Update, and Delete. SQL statements may be used to do CRUD testing.

What is thread testing, and how does it work?

Thread testing is a kind of top-down testing in which components are gradually integrated once subcategories of the criteria have been implemented, as against the integration of components at progressively lower levels.

What is configuration management, and how does it work?

It's a method for keeping track of and documenting changes made to a project over time. The main parts of configuration management are release control, change control, and revision control.

What is the definition of ad hoc testing?

It is a phase of testing in which the tester attempts to dismantle the system by arbitrarily testing its functioning. It may also entail negative tests.

What are the various responsibilities of a Software Quality Assurance Engineer?

Among the duties of a software quality assurance engineer are the following.

  • Developing source code

  • Designing software

  • Source code management

  • Examining code

  • Change management is a term used to describe the process

  • Management of configurations

  • Software integration

  • Program evaluation

  • Process of releasing a product

What is the difference between a test driver and a test stub, and why are they needed?

  • The stub is invoked by the software component that has to be verified. It is needed in a top-down strategy.

  • A component to be tested is called by the driver. It is used in a bottom-up strategy.

  • It is essential when just module X has been built and we should examine the interface between modules X and Y. So we can't simply test module X, but if there's a fake module, we can test module X using that dummy module.

What is bug triage, and how does it work?

  • A bug triage is a procedure for determining the severity of an issue.

  • Ensure that the bug report is comprehensive.

  • Assign and investigate the problem.

  • Assigning the problem to the appropriate bug owner

  • Correctly adjust the severity of the problem

  • Prioritize bugs according to their severity.

What are the different tools needed to enable testing during application development?

  • The following tools may be used to aid testing during application development.

  • JIRA, Quality Center, and other test management tools are available.

  • Test Director and Bugzilla are two defect management tools.

  • Sharepoint is a project management tool.

  • RFT, QTP, and WinRunner are some of the automation tools available.

What exactly is a cause-and-effect diagram?

A cause-and-effect graph is a visual depiction of inputs and their effects on outputs that may be used to create test cases.

What is a Test Metric and what information does it provide in software testing?

The standard of test measurement is referred to as Test Metric in software testing. They're the numbers that describe the structure or substance of a test. It includes details such as

  • Total examination

  • Perform a trial run

  • The examination was successful.

  • The test was a failure.

  • Testing has been postponed.

  • The first attempt at the test was successful.

What is a traceability matrix, and how does it work?

Test scripts are mapped to requirements using a test matrix.

raja
Published on 20-Dec-2021 08:47:21
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