Test Plan Template (Sample Document with Web Application Example)

Software TestingAutomation TestingTesting Tools

A Test Plan is a thorough document that outlines the test strategy, objectives, timetable, estimation, deliverables, and resources needed to accomplish software testing. The Test Plan assists us in determining the amount of work required to confirm the quality of the application being tested. The test plan is a blueprint for conducting software testing operations as a defined procedure, which the test manager closely monitors and controls.

"A test plan is a document detailing the scope, strategy, resources, and timetable of expected test activities," according to the ISTQB definition.

Let's look at an example/scenario of a Test Plan: You want to talk about the Test Plan with the team members at a meeting, but they aren't interested.

What will you do in such a situation?

A) I am the manager; follow my instructions.

B) Now, let me explain why a Test Plan is necessary.

What Is a Test Plan and Why Is It Important?

There are several advantages to creating a test plan document.

Assist others outside the test team in understanding the nuances of testing, such as developers, business managers, and customers.

Our thinking is guided by the Test Plan. It's similar to a set of rules that must be followed.

Test Plan documents important features such as test estimates, test scope, and Test Strategy so that it may be evaluated by the Management Team and reused for additional projects.

What is the best way to write a test plan?

You already know that the most essential duty in the Test Management Process is to create a Test Plan. To build a test plan in accordance with IEEE 829, follow the stages outlined below.

  • Examine the item.

  • Create a test strategy

  • Create a list of test objectives.

  • Specify the test criteria

  • Organizing Resources

  • Construct a Test Environment

  • Estimation and Schedule

  • Establish the Test Deliverables

What is the definition of a test plan template?

The Test Plan Template is a thorough document that outlines the testing strategy, goals, timetable, estimates, and deliverables, as well as the resources needed for testing. The Test Plan assists us in determining the amount of work required to confirm the quality of the application being tested. The test plan is a blueprint for conducting software testing operations as a defined procedure that the test manager closely monitors and controls.

To assure the success of any software testing project, you must first create a test plan.

Important components of a test plan are listed below.

  • Introductory paragraph

  • Purpose

  • Scope of Work

  • Scope Exhausted

  • Quality Assurance Objective

  • Methodology of Testing

  • The Big Picture

  • Levels of Testing

  • Triage of Bugs

  • Suspension Requirements and Suspension Criteria

  • Completeness of the test

  • Deliverables for the Test

  • Requirements for Resources and the Environment

  • Testing Instruments

  • Environment for Testing

A brief introduction

A brief overview of the project's test techniques, processes, workflows, and methodologies

Purpose

Purpose of the test plan.

Scope of Work

The scope of the program being tested identifies its features, functional and non-functional requirements.

Scope Exhausted

Out of Scope refers to the software's features, functional and nonfunctional needs that will not be evaluated.

The Quality Goal

  • Make a note of the overarching goal you want to achieve with your manual and automated testing in this section.

  • Some of your testing project's goals may include the following −

  • Ascertain that the Application Under Test complies with all functional and non-functional criteria.

  • Ascertain if the AUT fulfills the client's quality requirements.

  • Before going online, bugs and problems are detected and corrected.

Responsibilities and Roles

The roles and responsibilities of various team members are described in detail, including −

  • Quality Assurance Analyst

  • Manager of Tests

  • Manager of Configuration

  • Developers

  • Team of Installers

Methodology of Testing

General Information − Mention why a certain test approach was chosen for the project. The project's chosen test approach might be

  • Waterfall

  • Iterative

  • Agile

  • Extreme Programming (XP)

Multiple variables influence the approach used.

Levels of Testing

The Types of Testing to be performed on the Application Under Test are defined by Test Levels (AUT). The Testing Levels are generally determined by the project's scope, as well as time and money restrictions.

Triage of Bugs

  • The triage's purpose is to find out what's wrong with you.

  • To choose the kind of bug resolution that will be used for each problem

  • Prioritize issues and set a timeline for all "To Be Fixed Bugs."

Suspension Criteria and Resumption Requirements

Suspension criteria provide the conditions under which all or part of the testing process may be halted, whereas resumption criteria specify when testing can continue once it has been interrupted.

Make sure everything is in order.

In this section, you'll set the criteria that will determine whether or not your testing is complete. For example, a few criteria for determining whether or not a test is complete might be −

  • Test coverage is 100 percent.

  • All manual and automated test cases have been completed.

  • All open bugs have been resolved or will be resolved in the upcoming version.

Deliverables to be tested

All of the Test Artifacts that will be supplied throughout the various stages of the testing lifecycle will be included here.

The basic deliverables are listed below.

  • Plan for the test

  • Case Studies

  • Matrix of Requirement Traceability

  • Strategy for the Test

  • Metrics for Testing

  • Customer Approval

Environmental and Resource Needs

Testing Instruments − Make a list of useful tools, like as

  • Tool for Tracking Requirements

  • Bug Tracking Software

  • Tools for Automation

The project must be tested.

Environment for Testing

It specifies the minimal hardware requirements for testing the application.

In addition to client-specific software, the following software is needed.

  • Windows versions 8 and above

  • Microsoft Office 2013 and newer

  • Microsoft Exchange, for example.

Abbreviations/Terms

Mention any terminology or acronyms that were used in the project.

  • API stands for "Application Program Interface."

  • AUT stands for Application Under Test

Example of a Test Plan for a Document Banking Web Application

Introductory Paragraph

The Test Plan specifies the scope, strategy, resources, and timing for all of the project Guru99 Bank's testing operations.

The plan identifies the things to be tested, the features to be tested, the kinds of testing to be done, the persons responsible for testing, the resources and timetable needed to accomplish testing, and the plan's risks.

Scope Exhausted

These features will not be evaluated since they aren't part of the software requirement specifications.

  • Interfaces for users

  • Interfaces with Hardware

  • Interfaces in Software

  • logical database

  • Interfaces for communication

  • Website Performance and Security

Quality Assurance Objective

The test goals are to validate the website Guru99 Bank's functionality. The project should concentrate on testing banking operations such as Account Management, Withdrawal, and Balance, among others, to ensure that all of these operations can function correctly in a real-world business context.

Responsibilities and Roles

To reduce project costs, the project should utilize outsourced personnel as testers.

S.NO
Member
Tasks
1
Test Manager
The Test Manager is in charge of the whole project.
Define the project's goals.
Obtain the necessary resources
2
Test
Identifying and characterizing suitable testing approaches, tools, and automation architecture Examine and evaluate the Test Approach
Execute the tests, keep track of the findings, and report any issues.
Members who have been outsourced
3
Developer in test
Execute the test cases, test program, and test suite, among other things.
4
The administrator of the test
Establishes and ensures that the test environment and assets are properly handled and maintained. Assist the tester is using the test environment to run tests.
5
SQA Members
Members of the SQA are in charge of quality control.
Check to see whether the testing procedure adheres to the specifications.

Methodology of Testing

Levels of Testing

Three sorts of testing should be carried out in the E-commerce website project.

  • Integrity Checking (Individual software modules are combined and tested as a group)

  • System testing is done on a comprehensive, integrated system to see whether it complies with the system's requirements.

  • API testing − Verify that all of the APIs created for the program under test is functional.

Triage of Bugs

Suspension Requirements and Suspension Criteria − If team members indicate that 40% of test cases have failed, testing should be halted until the development team has fixed all of the failed instances.

Completeness of the test

  • Specifies the requirements for completing a test phase successfully.

  • Unless a valid justification is provided, the run rate must be 100 percent.

  • The pass rate is set at 80%, and passing is required.

Task, estimate, and timetable for the project

Task
Members
Estimate Effort
Make a test specification.
Test Designer
170 man-hours
Perform Test Execution
Tester, Test Administrator
80 man-hours
Test Report
Tester
10 man-hours
Test Delivery

20 man-hours
Total

280 man-hours

Deliverables for the Test

The following are the test deliverables −

Prior to the testing phase

  • A document containing test plans.

  • Documents containing test cases

  • Specifications for test design

During the trials,

  • Simulators for test tools.

  • Data from the tests

  • Error logs and execution logs - Test Trace-ability Matrix

When the testing cycles are completed,

  • Reports/results of tests

  • Report on Defects

  • Installation/ Test procedures guidelines

  • Release notes

Requirements for Resources and the Environment

S.NO
Resources
Descriptions
1
Server
A database server with MySQL installed is required.
Apache Server is a web server that installs Apache Server.
2
Test tool
Develop a test tool that can automatically produce test results in a preset format and execute automated tests.
3
Network
Set up a Gigabit LAN and one internet connection with a minimum speed of 5 Mb/s.
4
Computer
At least four computers are running Windows 7, with 2GB of RAM and a 3.4GHz processor.
raja
Updated on 26-Nov-2021 05:27:07

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