Take in array of objects and convert the above JSON to a Tree-structure in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

Suppose, we have an array of objects like this −

const arr = [
   {
      "parentIndex": '0' ,
      "childIndex": '3' ,
      "parent": "ROOT",
      "child": "root3"
   },
   {
      "parentIndex": '3' ,
      "childIndex": '2' ,
      "parent": "root3" ,
      "child": "root2"
   },
   {
      "parentIndex": '3' ,
      "childIndex": '1' ,
      "parent": "root3" ,
      "child": "root1"
   }
];

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in one such array of objects. The function should then use recursion and convert the above JSON to a Tree−structure.

The Tree−structure would look like −

nodeStructure: {
   text: { name: "root3" },
   children: [
      {
         text: { name: "root2" }
      },
      {
         text: { name: "root1" }
      }
   ]
}
};

Example

The code for this will be −

const arr = [
   {
      "parentIndex": '0' ,
      "childIndex": '3' ,
      "parent": "ROOT",
      "child": "root3"
   },
   {
      "parentIndex": '3' ,
      "childIndex": '2' ,
      "parent": "root3" ,
      "child": "root2"
   },
   {
      "parentIndex": '3' ,
      "childIndex": '1' ,
      "parent": "root3" ,
      "child": "root1"
   }
];
const partial = (arr = [], condition) => {
   const result = [];
   for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {
      if(condition(arr[i])){
         result.push(arr[i]);
      }
   }
   return result;
}
const findNodes = (parentKey,items) => {
   let subItems = partial(items, n => n.parent === parentKey);
   const result = [];
   for (let i = 0; i < subItems.length; i++) {
      let subItem = subItems[i];
      let resultItem = {
         text: {name:subItem.child}
      };
      let kids = findNodes(subItem.child , items);
      if(kids.length){
         resultItem.children = kids;
      }
      result.push(resultItem);
   }
   return result;
}
console.log(JSON.stringify(findNodes('ROOT', arr), undefined, 4));

Output

And the output in the console will be −

[
   {
      "text": {
         "name": "root3"
      },
      "children": [
         {
            "text": {
               "name": "root2"
            }
         },
         {
            "text": {
               "name": "root1"
            }
         }
      ]
   }
]
raja
Published on 20-Nov-2020 18:15:47
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