Table Type in Lua Programming

LuaServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

A table is a data type in Lua, which is used to implement associative arrays. These associative arrays can be used to implement different data structures like queues, maps, lists, etc.

  • An associative array in Lua is an array that can be indexed not only with numbers, but also with strings or any other value of the language, except nil.

  • Tables in Lua don't have any fixed size, and we can insert as many elements as we want in them, dynamically.

  • Tables in Lua are neither values nor variables; they are objects.

We can create tables by means of a constructor expression, which in its simplest form is written as {}.

Example

Let’s explore an example where we will create a table in Lua. Consider the example shown below −

a = {}
k = "mm"

a[k] = 11

print(a)
print(a[k])

Output

table: 0x1018910
11

The variable that is assigned a table will hold a reference to the table, as seen in the above example.

It can also be seen that we create a key named k and assign it a value and then use that key inside the associative array.

We can also perform simple operations on the key before inserting the key into the associative array and assigning any value to it.

Example

Consider the example shown below as reference −

a = {}
k = 20

print(a[k])

a[k] = 20

a[k] = a[k] * 2
print(a[k])

Output

nil
40

A table is always anonymous. There is no fixed relationship between a variable that holds a table and the table itself:

Example

Consider the example shown below as reference −

a = {}
a["x"] = 10
b = a

print(b["x"])

b["x"] = 20

print(a["x"])

Output

10
20
raja
Published on 01-Dec-2021 10:46:45

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