SWING - JMenuItem Class


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Introduction

The JMenuItem class represents the actual item in a menu. All items in a menu should derive from class JMenuItem, or one of its subclasses. By default, it embodies a simple labeled menu item.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for javax.swing.JMenuItem class −

public class JMenuItem
   extends AbstractButton
      implements Accessible, MenuElement

Class Constructors

Sr.No. Constructor & Description
1

JMenuItem()

Creates a JMenuItem with no set text or icon.

2

JMenuItem(Action a)

Creates a menu item whose properties are taken from the specified Action.

3

JMenuItem(Icon icon)

Creates a JMenuItem with the specified icon.

4

JMenuItem(String text)

Creates a JMenuItem with the specified text.

5

JMenuItem(String text, Icon icon)

Creates a JMenuItem with the specified text and icon.

6

JMenuItem(String text, int mnemonic)

Creates a JMenuItem with the specified text and keyboard mnemonic.

Class Methods

Sr.No. Method & Description
1

protected void actionPropertyChanged(Action action, String propertyName)

Updates the button's state in response to property changes in the associated action.

2

void addMenuDragMouseListener(MenuDragMouseListener l)

Adds a MenuDragMouseListener to the menu item.

3

void addMenuKeyListener(MenuKeyListener l)

Adds a MenuKeyListener to the menu item.

4

protected void configurePropertiesFromAction(Action a)

Sets the properties on this button to match those in the specified Action.

5

protected void fireMenuDragMouseDragged(MenuDragMouseEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

6

protected void fireMenuDragMouseEntered(MenuDragMouseEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

7

protected void fireMenuDragMouseExited(MenuDragMouseEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

8

protected void fireMenuDragMouseReleased(MenuDragMouseEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

9

protected void fireMenuKeyPressed(MenuKeyEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

10

protected void fireMenuKeyReleased(MenuKeyEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

11

protected void fireMenuKeyTyped(MenuKeyEvent event)

Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type.

12

KeyStroke getAccelerator()

Returns the KeyStroke which serves as an accelerator for the menu item.

13

AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext()

Returns the AccessibleContext associated with this JMenuItem.

14

Component getComponent()

Returns the java.awt.Component used to paint this object.

15

MenuDragMouseListener[] getMenuDragMouseListeners()

Returns an array of all the MenuDragMouseListeners added to this JMenuItem with addMenuDragMouseListener().

16

MenuKeyListener[] getMenuKeyListeners()

Returns an array of all the MenuKeyListeners added to this JMenuItem with addMenuKeyListener().

17

MenuElement[] getSubElements()

This method returns an array containing the sub-menu components for this menu component.

18

String getUIClassID()

Returns the suffix used to construct the name of the L&F class used to render this component.

19

protected void init(String text, Icon icon)

Initializes the menu item with the specified text and icon.

20

boolean isArmed()

Returns whether the menu item is "armed".

21

void menuSelectionChanged(boolean isIncluded)

Called by the MenuSelectionManager when the MenuElement is selected or unselected.

22

protected String paramString()

Returns a string representation of this JMenuItem.

23

void processKeyEvent(KeyEvent e, MenuElement[] path, MenuSelectionManager manager)

Processes a key event forwarded from the MenuSelectionManager and changes the menu selection, if necessary, by using MenuSelectionManager's API.

24

void processMenuDragMouseEvent(MenuDragMouseEvent e)

Handles mouse drag in a menu.

25

void processMenuKeyEvent(MenuKeyEvent e)

Handles a keystroke in a menu.

26

void processMouseEvent(MouseEvent e, MenuElement[] path, MenuSelectionManager manager)

Processes a mouse event forwarded from the MenuSelectionManager and changes the menu selection, if necessary, by using the MenuSelectionManager's API.

27

void removeMenuDragMouseListener(MenuDragMouseListener l)

Removes a MenuDragMouseListener from the menu item.

28

void removeMenuKeyListener(MenuKeyListener l)

Removes a MenuKeyListener from the menu item.

29

void setAccelerator(KeyStroke keyStroke)

Sets the key combination which invokes the menu item's action listeners without navigating the menu hierarchy.

30

void setArmed(boolean b)

Identifies the menu item as "armed".

31

void setEnabled(boolean b)

Enables or disables the menu item.

32

void setModel(ButtonModel newModel)

Sets the model that this button represents.

33

void setUI(MenuItemUI ui)

Sets the look and feel object that renders this component.

34

void updateUI()

Resets the UI property with a value from the current look and feel.

Methods Inherited

This class inherits methods from the following classes −

  • javax.swing.JAbstractButton
  • javax.swing.JComponent
  • java.awt.Container
  • java.awt.Component
  • java.lang.Object

JMenuItem Example

Create the following Java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > SWING > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

SwingMenuDemo.java

package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;

public class SwingMenuDemo {
   private JFrame mainFrame;
   private JLabel headerLabel;
   private JLabel statusLabel;
   private JPanel controlPanel; 

   public SwingMenuDemo(){
      prepareGUI();
   }
   public static void main(String[] args){
      SwingMenuDemo swingMenuDemo = new SwingMenuDemo();     
      swingMenuDemo.showMenuDemo();
   }
   private void prepareGUI(){
      mainFrame = new JFrame("Java SWING Examples");
      mainFrame.setSize(400,400);
      mainFrame.setLayout(new GridLayout(3, 1));

      headerLabel = new JLabel("",JLabel.CENTER );
      statusLabel = new JLabel("",JLabel.CENTER);        
      statusLabel.setSize(350,100);
      
      mainFrame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      });    
      controlPanel = new JPanel();
      controlPanel.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

      mainFrame.add(headerLabel);
      mainFrame.add(controlPanel);
      mainFrame.add(statusLabel);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }
   private void showMenuDemo(){
      //create a menu bar
      final JMenuBar menuBar = new JMenuBar();

      //create menus
      JMenu fileMenu = new JMenu("File");
      JMenu editMenu = new JMenu("Edit"); 
      final JMenu aboutMenu = new JMenu("About");
      final JMenu linkMenu = new JMenu("Links");
     
      //create menu items
      JMenuItem newMenuItem = new JMenuItem("New");
      newMenuItem.setMnemonic(KeyEvent.VK_N);
      newMenuItem.setActionCommand("New");

      JMenuItem openMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Open");
      openMenuItem.setActionCommand("Open");

      JMenuItem saveMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Save");
      saveMenuItem.setActionCommand("Save");

      JMenuItem exitMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Exit");
      exitMenuItem.setActionCommand("Exit");

      JMenuItem cutMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Cut");
      cutMenuItem.setActionCommand("Cut");

      JMenuItem copyMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Copy");
      copyMenuItem.setActionCommand("Copy");

      JMenuItem pasteMenuItem = new JMenuItem("Paste");
      pasteMenuItem.setActionCommand("Paste");

      MenuItemListener menuItemListener = new MenuItemListener();

      newMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      openMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      saveMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      exitMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      cutMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      copyMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);
      pasteMenuItem.addActionListener(menuItemListener);

      final JCheckBoxMenuItem showWindowMenu = new JCheckBoxMenuItem(
         "Show About", true);
      
      showWindowMenu.addItemListener(new ItemListener() {
         public void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent e) {
            
            if(showWindowMenu.getState()){
               menuBar.add(aboutMenu);
            } else {
               menuBar.remove(aboutMenu);
            }
         }
      });
      final JRadioButtonMenuItem showLinksMenu = new JRadioButtonMenuItem(
         "Show Links", true);
      
      showLinksMenu.addItemListener(new ItemListener() {
         public void itemStateChanged(ItemEvent e) {
            
            if(menuBar.getMenu(3)!= null){
               menuBar.remove(linkMenu);
               mainFrame.repaint();
            } else {                   
               menuBar.add(linkMenu);
               mainFrame.repaint();
            }
         }
      });

      //add menu items to menus
      fileMenu.add(newMenuItem);
      fileMenu.add(openMenuItem);
      fileMenu.add(saveMenuItem);
      fileMenu.addSeparator();
      fileMenu.add(showWindowMenu);
      fileMenu.addSeparator();
      fileMenu.add(showLinksMenu);       
      fileMenu.addSeparator();
      fileMenu.add(exitMenuItem);        
      editMenu.add(cutMenuItem);
      editMenu.add(copyMenuItem);
      editMenu.add(pasteMenuItem);

      //add menu to menubar
      menuBar.add(fileMenu);
      menuBar.add(editMenu);
      menuBar.add(aboutMenu);       
      menuBar.add(linkMenu);

      //add menubar to the frame
      mainFrame.setJMenuBar(menuBar);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);     
   }

   class MenuItemListener implements ActionListener {
      public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {            
         statusLabel.setText(e.getActionCommand() + " JMenuItem clicked.");
      }    
   }
}

Compile the program using the command prompt. Go to D:/ > SWING and type the following command.

D:\SWING>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\SwingMenuDemo.java

If no error occurs, it means the compilation is successful. Run the program using the following command.

D:\SWING>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.SwingMenuDemo

Verify the following output. (Click on File Menu. Select any menu item.)

SWING JMenuItem
swing_menu.htm

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