SWING - FocusListener Interface


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Introduction

The interface FocusListener is used for receiving keyboard focus events. The class that processes focus events needs to implements this interface.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for java.awt.event.FocusListener interface −

public interface FocusListener
extends EventListener

Interface Methods

Sr.No. Method & Description
1

void focusGained(FocusEvent e)

Invoked when a component gains the keyboard focus.

2

void focusLost(FocusEvent e)

Invoked when a component loses the keyboard focus.

Methods Inherited

This class inherits methods from the following interfaces −

java.awt.event.EventListener

FocusListener Example

Create the following Java program using any editor of your choice in say D:/ > SWING > com > tutorialspoint > gui >

SwingListenerDemo.java

package com.tutorialspoint.gui;

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;

public class SwingListenerDemo {
   private JFrame mainFrame;
   private JLabel headerLabel;
   private JLabel statusLabel;
   private JPanel controlPanel;
   
   public SwingListenerDemo(){
      prepareGUI();
   }
   public static void main(String[] args){
      SwingListenerDemo  swingListenerDemo = new SwingListenerDemo();  
      swingListenerDemo.showFocusListenerDemo();
   }
   private void prepareGUI(){
      mainFrame = new JFrame("Java SWING Examples");
      mainFrame.setSize(400,400);
      mainFrame.setLayout(new GridLayout(3, 1));

      headerLabel = new JLabel("",JLabel.CENTER );
      statusLabel = new JLabel("",JLabel.CENTER);        
      statusLabel.setSize(350,100);
      
      mainFrame.addWindowListener(new WindowAdapter() {
         public void windowClosing(WindowEvent windowEvent){
            System.exit(0);
         }        
      });    
      controlPanel = new JPanel();
      controlPanel.setLayout(new FlowLayout());

      mainFrame.add(headerLabel);
      mainFrame.add(controlPanel);
      mainFrame.add(statusLabel);
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }
   private void showFocusListenerDemo(){
      headerLabel.setText("Listener in action: FocusListener");      
      JButton okButton = new JButton("OK");
      JButton cancelButton = new JButton("Cancel");
   
      okButton.addFocusListener(new CustomFocusListener());  
      cancelButton.addFocusListener(new CustomFocusListener());  
   
      controlPanel.add(okButton);
      controlPanel.add(cancelButton);     
      mainFrame.setVisible(true);  
   }
   class CustomFocusListener implements FocusListener{
      public void focusGained(FocusEvent e) {
         statusLabel.setText(statusLabel.getText() 
            + e.getComponent().getClass().getSimpleName() + " gained focus. ");
      }
      public void focusLost(FocusEvent e) {
         statusLabel.setText(statusLabel.getText() 
            + e.getComponent().getClass().getSimpleName() + " lost focus. ");
      }
   }
}

Compile the program using the command prompt. Go to D:/ > SWING and type the following command.

D:\SWING>javac com\tutorialspoint\gui\SwingListenerDemo.java

If no error occurs, it means the compilation is successful. Run the program using the following command.

D:\SWING>java com.tutorialspoint.gui.SwingListenerDemo

Verify the following output.

SWING focusListener
swing_event_listeners.htm

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