Spring WS - Quick Guide


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Spring WS - Overview

Spring Web Services (Spring-WS) is one of the projects developed by the Spring Community. Its prime focus is to create document-driven Web Services. The Spring Web Services project facilitates contract-first SOAP Service Development, provides multiple ways to create flexible web services, which can manipulate XML payloads in multiple ways.

The Spring web services uses Spring concepts like dependency injection and configurations seamlessly. The Spring-WS requires Spring 3.0 Version. With contract-first development, we start with WSDL Contract and then will use JAVA to implement the required contract.

As opposed to the contract-last approach where JAVA interfaces generate WSDL/XSD contract. The WSDL based contract remains independent of JAVA implementation in the contract-first approach. In case we require changing the JAVA interfaces, then there is no need to communicate the changes made in the existing WSDL contract to the web services users. Spring-WS aims to provide loose coupling between the WSDL contract and its JAVA based implementation.

Features

Following are the features of Spring Web Services −

  • XML Mapping to Objects − XML based requests can be mapped to any object using the information stored in the Message Payload, SOAP Action Header or by using an XPath Expression.

  • Multiple API Support to parse XML − Apart from the standard JAXP APIs (DOM, SAX, StAX) to parse the incoming XML requests, other libraries like JDOM, dom4j, XOM are also supported.

  • Multiple API Support to marshal XML− Spring Web Services supports JAXB 1 and 2, Castor, XMLBeans, JiBX, and XStream libraries using its Object/XML Mapping module. The Object/XML Mapping module can also be used in non-web services code as well.

  • Spring based configurations − Spring Web Services uses the Spring Application Contexts for its configurations having a similar architecture as that of the Spring Web MVC.

  • Integrated WS-Security module − Using the WS-Security module, you can Sign, Encrypt, Decrypt SOAP Messages or Authenticate them.

  • Support for Acegi Security − Using the WS-Security implementation of Spring Web Services, Acegi configuration can be used for your SOAP services.

Architecture

The Spring-WS project consists of five major modules, which are explained below.

  • Spring-WS Core − It is the primary module and provides the Central Interfaces like WebServiceMessage and SoapMessage, the server-side framework, powerful message dispatching capability and support classes to implement Web service endpoints. It also provides Web Service consumer client as WebServiceTemplate.

  • Spring-WS Support − This module provides supports for JMS, emails, etc.

  • Spring-WS Security − This module is responsible to provide WS-Security implementation integrated with core Web Service Module. Using this module, we can add principal tokens, sign, encrypt and decrypt SOAP messages. This module allows using the existing Spring Security Implementation for authentication and authorization.

  • Spring XML − This module provides XML support classes for Spring Web Services. This module is internally used by Spring-WS framework.

  • Spring OXM − This module provides support classes for XML vs Object Mapping.

Spring Web Services Architecture

Spring WS - Environment Setup

In this Chapter, we will understand the process of setting up Spring-WS on Windows and Linux based systems. The Spring-WS can be easily installed and integrated with your current Java environment and MAVEN by following a few simple steps without any complex setup procedures. User administration is required while installation.

System Requirements

The following table lists out the system requirements, while the subsequent steps will guide us through the environment setup procedure.

JDK Java SE 2 JDK 1.5 or above
Memory 1 GB RAM (recommended)
Disk Space No minimum requirement
Operating System Version Windows XP or above, Linux

Let us now proceed with the steps to install Spring-WS.

Step 1: Verify the Java Installation

To begin with, you need to have Java Software Development Kit (SDK) installed on your system. To verify this, execute any of the following two commands depending on the platform you are working on.

If the Java installation has been done properly, then it will display the current version and specification of your Java installation. A sample output is given in the following table.

Platform Command Sample Output
Windows

Open command console and type −

\>java -version

Java version "1.7.0_60"

Java (TM) SE Run Time Environment (build 1.7.0_60-b19)

Java Hotspot (TM) 64-bit Server VM (build 24.60-b09,mixed mode)

Linux

Open command terminal and type −

$java -version

java version "1.7.0_25"

Open JDK Runtime Environment (rhel-2.3.10.4.el6_4-x86_64)

Open JDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 23.7-b01, mixed mode)

Step 2: Set your Java Environment

Set the environment variable JAVA_HOME to point to the base directory location where Java is installed on your machine.

S.No. Platform & Description
1

Windows

Set JAVA_HOME to C:\ProgramFiles\java\jdk1.7.0_60

2

Linux

Export JAVA_HOME=/usr/local/java-current

Append the full path of Java compiler location to the System Path.

S.No. Platform & Description
1

Windows

Append the String "C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_60\bin" to the end of the system variable PATH.

2

Linux

Export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin/

Execute the command java -version from the command prompt as explained above.

Step 3: Download Maven archive

Download Maven 3.3.3 from https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi

OS Archive name
Windows apache-maven-3.3.3-bin.zip
Linux apache-maven-3.3.3-bin.tar.gz
Mac apache-maven-3.3.3-bin.tar.gz

Step 4: Extract the Maven archive

Extract the archive, to the directory you wish to install Maven 3.3.3. The subdirectory apache-maven-3.3.3 will be created from the archive.

OS Location (can be different based on your installation)
Windows C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\apache-maven-3.3.3
Linux /usr/local/apache-maven
Mac /usr/local/apache-maven

Step 5: Set Maven environment variables

Add M2_HOME, M2 and MAVEN_OPTS to the environment variables.

OS Output
Windows

Set the environment variables using system properties.

M2_HOME=C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\apache-maven-3.3.3

M2=%M2_HOME%\bin

MAVEN_OPTS=-Xms256m -Xmx512m

Linux

Open command terminal and set environment variables.

export M2_HOME=/usr/local/apache-maven/apache-maven-3.3.3

export M2=$M2_HOME/bin

export MAVEN_OPTS=-Xms256m -Xmx512m

Mac

Open command terminal and set environment variables.

export M2_HOME=/usr/local/apache-maven/apache-maven-3.3.3

export M2=$M2_HOME/bin

export MAVEN_OPTS=-Xms256m -Xmx512m

Step 6: Add Maven bin directory location to the system path

Now append M2 variable to the System Path.

OS Output
Windows Append the string ;%M2% to the end of the system variable, Path.
Linux export PATH=$M2:$PATH
Mac export PATH=$M2:$PATH

Step 7: Verify Maven installation

Now open the console, execute the following mvn command.

OS Task Command
Windows Open Command Console c:\> mvn --version
Linux Open Command Terminal $ mvn --version
Mac Open Terminal machine:< joseph$ mvn --version

Finally, verify the output of the above commands, which should be something as shown below −

OS Output
Windows

Apache Maven 3.3.3 (7994120775791599e205a5524ec3e0dfe41d4a06; 2015-04-22T17:27:37+05:30)

Maven home: C:\Program Files\Apache Software Foundation\apache-maven-3.3.3

Java version: 1.7.0_75, vendor: Oracle Corporation

Java home: C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.7.0_75\jre

Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: Cp1252

Linux

Apache Maven 3.3.3 (7994120775791599e205a5524ec3e0dfe41d4a06; 2015-04-22T17:27:37+05:30)

Maven home: /usr/local/apache-maven/apache-maven-3.3.3

Java version: 1.7.0_75, vendor: Oracle Corporation

Java home: /usr/local/java-current/jdk1.7.0_75/jre

Mac

Apache Maven 3.3.3 (7994120775791599e205a5524ec3e0dfe41d4a06; 2015-04-22T17:27:37+05:30)

Maven home: /usr/local/apache-maven/apache-maven-3.3.3

Java version: 1.7.0_75, vendor: Oracle Corporation

Java home: /Library/Java/Home/jdk1.7.0_75/jre

Step 8: Setup Eclipse IDE

All the examples in this tutorial have been written using the Eclipse IDE. It is recommended that the readers should have the latest version of Eclipse installed on their machine. To install the Eclipse IDE, download the latest Eclipse binaries from the following link https://www.eclipse.org/downloads/. Once the installation is downloaded, unpack the binary distribution into a convenient location.

For example in C:\eclipse on windows, or /usr/local/eclipse on Linux/Unix and finally set the PATH variable appropriately. Eclipse can be started by executing the following commands on the windows machine, or you can simply double click on eclipse.exe.

%C:\eclipse\eclipse.exe

Eclipse can be started by executing the following commands on the UNIX (Solaris, Linux, etc.) machine −

$/usr/local/eclipse/eclipse

After a successful startup, if everything is fine then it should display the following screen −

Eclipse Home page

Step 9: Setup Apache Tomcat

We can download the latest version of Tomcat from https://tomcat.apache.org/. Once the installation is downloaded, unpack the binary distribution into a convenient location. For example in the C:\apache-tomcat-7.0.59 on a windows machine, or in the /usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.59 on a Linux/Unix machine and then set the CATALINA_HOME environment variable pointing to the installation locations.

Tomcat can be started by executing the following commands on a windows machine, or you can simply double click on startup.bat

%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\startup.bat
 
or
 
C:\apache-tomcat-7.0.59\bin\startup.bat

Tomcat can be started by executing the following commands on UNIX (Solaris, Linux, etc.) machine −

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh
 
or
 
/usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.59/bin/startup.sh

After a successful startup, the default web applications included with Tomcat will be available by visiting – http://localhost:8080/. If everything is ok, then it should display the following screen −

Tomcat

Further information about configuring and running Tomcat can be found in the documentation included here, as well as on the Tomcat website − https://tomcat.apache.org

Tomcat can be stopped by executing the following commands on a windows machine −

%CATALINA_HOME%\bin\shutdown

or

C:\apache-tomcat-7.0.59\bin\shutdown

Tomcat can be stopped by executing the following commands on the UNIX (Solaris, Linux, etc.) machine −

$CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh

or

/usr/local/apache-tomcat-7.0.59/bin/shutdown.sh

Once we are done with this last step, we are ready to proceed for the first Web Services Example, which we will discuss in the next chapter.

Spring WS - First Application

Let us start writing an actual SOAP based web service with Spring-WS Framework. Before we start writing our first example using the Spring-WS framework, we have to ensure that the Spring-WS environment is setup properly as explained in Spring Web Services - Environment Setup chapter. We are assuming that the readers have some basic working knowledge with the Eclipse IDE.

Therefore, let us proceed to write a simple Spring WS Application which will expose a web service method to book a leave in an HR Portal.

Contract-first Approach

Spring-WS uses the Contract-first approach, which means we should have our XML Structures ready before writing any JAVA based implementation code. We are defining a LeaveRequest Object, which has sub-objects – Leave and Employee.

Following are the required XML constructs −

Leave.xml

<Leave xmlns = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas">
   <StartDate>2016-07-03</StartDate>
   <EndDate>2016-07-07</EndDate>
</Leave>

Employee.xml

<Employee xmlns = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas">
   <Number>404</Number>
   <FirstName>Mahesh</FirstName>
   <LastName>Parashar</LastName>
</Employee>

LeaveRequest.xml

<LeaveRequest xmlns = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas">
   <Leave>
      <StartDate>2016-07-03</StartDate>
      <EndDate>2016-07-07</EndDate>
   </Leave>
   
   <Employee>
      <Number>404</Number>
      <FirstName>Mahesh</FirstName>
      <LastName>Parashar</LastName>
   </Employee>
</LeaveRequest>

hr.xsd

<xs:schema xmlns:xs = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:hr = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas"
   elementFormDefault = "qualified"
   targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas">
   
   <xs:element name = "LeaveRequest">
      <xs:complexType>
         <xs:all>
            <xs:element name = "Leave" type = "hr:LeaveType"/>
            <xs:element name = "Employee" type = "hr:EmployeeType"/>
         </xs:all>
      </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>
   
   <xs:complexType name = "LeaveType">
      <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name = "StartDate" type = "xs:date"/>
         <xs:element name = "EndDate" type = "xs:date"/>
      </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>
   
   <xs:complexType name = "EmployeeType">
      <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name = "Number" type = "xs:integer"/>
         <xs:element name = "FirstName" type = "xs:string"/>
         <xs:element name = "LastName" type = "xs:string"/>
      </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>
</xs:schema>

Create the Project

Let us now open a command console, go the C:\MVN directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN>mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeGroupId = org.springframework.ws
-DarchetypeArtifactId = spring-ws-archetype -DgroupId = com.tutorialspoint.hr
-DartifactId = leaveService

Maven will start processing and will create the complete Java Application Project Structure.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Maven Stub Project (No POM) 1
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] Using property: groupId = com.tutorialspoint.hr
[INFO] Using property: artifactId = leaveService
Define value for property 'version':  1.0-SNAPSHOT: :
[INFO] Using property: package = com.tutorialspoint.hr
Confirm properties configuration:
groupId: com.tutorialspoint.hr
artifactId: leaveService
version: 1.0-SNAPSHOT
package: com.tutorialspoint.hr
 Y: :
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
[INFO] Using following parameters for creating project from Old (1.x) Archetype:
 spring-ws-archetype:2.0.0-M1
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
[INFO] Parameter: groupId, Value: com.tutorialspoint.hr
[INFO] Parameter: packageName, Value: com.tutorialspoint.hr
[INFO] Parameter: package, Value: com.tutorialspoint.hr
[INFO] Parameter: artifactId, Value: leaveService
[INFO] Parameter: basedir, Value: C:\mvn
[INFO] Parameter: version, Value: 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] project created from Old (1.x) Archetype in dir: C:\mvn\leaveService
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 35.989 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-01-21T11:18:31+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 17M/178M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now go to C:/MVN directory. We will see a java application project created named leaveService (as specified in artifactId). Update the pom.xml and add HumanResourceService.java and HumanResourceServiceImpl.java in the following folder – C:\MVN\leaveService\src\main\java\com\tutorialspoint\hr\service folder. Once that is done, then add LeaveEndpoint.java in the following folder – C:\MVN\leaveService\src\main\java\com\tutorialspoint\hr\ws folder.

pom.xml

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
   
   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.tutorialspoint.hr</groupId>
   <artifactId>leaveService</artifactId>
   <packaging>war</packaging>
   <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <name>leaveService Spring-WS Application</name>
   <url>http://www.springframework.org/spring-ws</url>
   
   <build>
      <finalName>leaveService</finalName>
   </build>
   
   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-ws-core</artifactId>
         <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jdom</groupId>
         <artifactId>jdom</artifactId>
         <version>1.0</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jaxen</groupId>
         <artifactId>jaxen</artifactId>
         <version>1.1</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
         <artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
         <version>1.6.2</version>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>
</project>

HumanResourceService.java

package com.tutorialspoint.hr.service;

import java.util.Date;

public interface HumanResourceService {
   void bookLeave(Date startDate, Date endDate, String name);
}

HumanResourceServiceImpl.java

package com.tutorialspoint.hr.service;

import java.util.Date;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class HumanResourceServiceImpl implements HumanResourceService {
   public void bookLeave(Date startDate, Date endDate, String name) {
      System.out.println("Booking holiday for [" + startDate + "-" + endDate + "]
         for [" + name + "] ");
   }
}

LeaveEndpoint.java

package com.tutorialspoint.hr.ws;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.Endpoint;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.PayloadRoot;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.RequestPayload;

import com.tutorialspoint.hr.service.HumanResourceService;
import org.jdom.Element;
import org.jdom.JDOMException;
import org.jdom.Namespace;
import org.jdom.xpath.XPath;

@Endpoint
public class LeaveEndpoint {
   private static final String NAMESPACE_URI = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas";
   private XPath startDateExpression;
   private XPath endDateExpression;
   private XPath nameExpression;
   private HumanResourceService humanResourceService;

   @Autowired
   public LeaveEndpoint(HumanResourceService humanResourceService) throws JDOMException {
      this.humanResourceService = humanResourceService;

      Namespace namespace = Namespace.getNamespace("hr", NAMESPACE_URI);

      startDateExpression = XPath.newInstance("//hr:StartDate");
      startDateExpression.addNamespace(namespace);

      endDateExpression = XPath.newInstance("//hr:EndDate");
      endDateExpression.addNamespace(namespace);

      nameExpression = XPath.newInstance("concat(//hr:FirstName,' ',//hr:LastName)");
      nameExpression.addNamespace(namespace);
   }

   @PayloadRoot(namespace = NAMESPACE_URI, localPart = "LeaveRequest")                  
   public void handleLeaveRequest(@RequestPayload Element leaveRequest) throws Exception {
      SimpleDateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
      Date startDate = dateFormat.parse(startDateExpression.valueOf(leaveRequest));
      Date endDate = dateFormat.parse(endDateExpression.valueOf(leaveRequest));
      String name = nameExpression.valueOf(leaveRequest);

      humanResourceService.bookLeave(startDate, endDate, name);
   }
}	

/WEB-INF/spring-ws-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:sws = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services/web-services-2.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.tutorialspoint.hr"/>
   <bean id = "humanResourceService"
      class = "com.tutorialspoint.hr.service.HumanResourceServiceImpl" />
   <sws:annotation-driven/>

   <sws:dynamic-wsdl id = "leave"
      portTypeName = "HumanResource"
      locationUri = "/leaveService/"
      targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/definitions">
      <sws:xsd location = "/WEB-INF/hr.xsd"/>
   </sws:dynamic-wsdl>
</beans>

/WEB-INF/web.xml

<web-app xmlns = "http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee
   http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
   version = "2.4">

   <display-name>TutorialsPoint HR Leave Service</display-name>
   <servlet>
      <servlet-name>spring-ws</servlet-name>
      <servlet-class>
         org.springframework.ws.transport.http.MessageDispatcherServlet
      </servlet-class>
      <init-param>
         <param-name>transformWsdlLocations</param-name>
         <param-value>true</param-value>
      </init-param>
   </servlet>

   <servlet-mapping>
      <servlet-name>spring-ws</servlet-name>
      <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

/WEB-INF/hr.xsd

<xs:schema xmlns:xs = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
   xmlns:hr = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas"
   elementFormDefault = "qualified"
   targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas">

   <xs:element name = "LeaveRequest">
      <xs:complexType>
         <xs:all>
            <xs:element name = "Leave" type = "hr:LeaveType"/>
            <xs:element name = "Employee" type = "hr:EmployeeType"/>
         </xs:all>
      </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   <xs:complexType name = "LeaveType">
      <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name = "StartDate" type = "xs:date"/>
         <xs:element name = "EndDate" type = "xs:date"/>
      </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:complexType name = "EmployeeType">
      <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name = "Number" type = "xs:integer"/>
         <xs:element name = "FirstName" type = "xs:string"/>
         <xs:element name = "LastName" type = "xs:string"/>
      </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>
</xs:schema>

Build the Project

Let us now open the command console, go the C:\MVN\leaveService directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN\leaveService>mvn clean package

Maven will start building the project.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building leaveService Spring-WS Application 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ leaveService ---
[INFO] Deleting C:\mvn\leaveService\target
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ leaveServi
ce ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 0 resource
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ leaveService --
-
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. b
uild is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 3 source files to C:\mvn\leaveService\target\classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ le
aveService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory C:\mvn\leaveService\src\test\resource
s
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ leaveSe
rvice ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ leaveService ---
[INFO] No tests to run.
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.2:war (default-war) @ leaveService ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [leaveService] in [C:\mvn\leaveService\target\leaveServ
ice]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [C:\mvn\leaveService\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [7159 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: C:\mvn\leaveService\target\leaveService.war
[INFO] WEB-INF\web.xml already added, skipping
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 19.667 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-01-21T11:56:43+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 18M/173M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Import Project in Eclipse

Follow the steps given below to import the project in Eclipse.

  • Open Eclipse.

  • Select File → Import → option.

  • Select Maven Projects Option. Click on Next Button.

  • Select Project location, where leaveService project was created using Maven.

  • Click Finish Button.

Run the Project

Once we are done with creating source and configuration files, export the application. Right click on the application, use Export → WAR File option and save the leaveService.war file in Tomcat's webapps folder.

Start the Tomcat server and ensure we are able to access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser. Try to access the URL – http://localhost:8080/leaveService/leave.wsdl, if everything is ok with the Spring Web Application, we should see the following screen.

First Application result

Spring WS - Static WSDL

In the previous chapter Spring -WS - First Application, we have generated WSDL automatically using the Spring WS Configuration. In this case, we will display how to expose the existing WSDL using the Spring WS.

Step Description
1 Create a project with a name leaveService under a package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the Spring WS - First Application chapter.
2 Create a WSDL leave.wsdl under the /WEB-INF/wsdl sub-folder.
3 Update spring-ws-servlet.xml under the /WEB-INF sub-folder. We are using the static-wsdl tag here instead of the dynamic-wsdl.
4 The final step is to create content of all source and configuration files and export the application as explained below.

/WEB-INF/spring-ws-servlet.xml

<wsdl:definitions xmlns:wsdl = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/"
   xmlns:soap = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/"
   xmlns:schema = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas"
   xmlns:tns = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/definitions"
   targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/definitions">
   
   <wsdl:types>
      <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
         <xsd:import namespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/hr/schemas"
            schemaLocation = "hr.xsd"/>
      </xsd:schema>
   </wsdl:types>
   
   <wsdl:message name = "LeaveRequest">
      <wsdl:part element = "schema:LeaveRequest" name = "LeaveRequest"/>
   </wsdl:message>
   
   <wsdl:portType name = "HumanResource">
      <wsdl:operation name = "Leave">
         <wsdl:input message = "tns:LeaveRequest" name = "LeaveRequest"/>
      </wsdl:operation>
   </wsdl:portType>
   
   <wsdl:binding name = "HumanResourceBinding" type = "tns:HumanResource">
      <soap:binding style = "document"
         transport = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"/>
      <wsdl:operation name = "Leave">
         <soap:operation soapAction = "http://mycompany.com/RequestLeave"/>
         <wsdl:input name = "LeaveRequest">
            <soap:body use = "literal"/>
         </wsdl:input>
      </wsdl:operation>
   </wsdl:binding>
   
   <wsdl:service name = "HumanResourceService">
      <wsdl:port binding = "tns:HumanResourceBinding" name = "HumanResourcePort">
         <soap:address location = "http://localhost:8080/leaveService/"/>
      </wsdl:port>
   </wsdl:service>
</wsdl:definitions>

/WEB-INF/spring-ws-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:sws = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services/web-services-2.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.tutorialspoint.hr"/>
   <sws:annotation-driven/>
   <sws:static-wsdl id = "leave" location = "/WEB-INF/wsdl/leave.wsdl"/>
</beans>

Run the Project

Once we are done with creating source and configuration files, we should export the application. Right click on the application, use Export → WAR File option and save your leaveService.war file in Tomcat's webapps folder.

Now, start the Tomcat server and ensure that we can access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser. Try to access the URL – http://localhost:8080/leaveService/leave.wsdl, if everything is ok with the Spring Web Application, we will see the following screen.

Static WSDL result

Spring WS - Writing Server

In this chapter, we will understand how to create a web application server using Spring WS.

Step Description
1 Create a project with a name countryService under a package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the Spring WS - First Application chapter.
2 Create countries.xsd, domain classes, CountryRepository and CountryEndPoint as explained in the following steps.
3 Update spring-ws-servlet.xml under the /WEB-INF sub-folder.
4 The final step is to create content for all the source and configuration files and export the application as explained below.

countries.xsd

<xs:schema xmlns:xs = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" 
   xmlns:tns = "http://tutorialspoint/schemas"
   targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint/schemas" 
   elementFormDefault = "qualified">

   <xs:element name = "getCountryRequest">
      <xs:complexType>
         <xs:sequence>
            <xs:element name = "name" type = "xs:string"/>
         </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   <xs:element name = "getCountryResponse">
      <xs:complexType>
         <xs:sequence>
            <xs:element name = "country" type = "tns:country"/>
         </xs:sequence>
      </xs:complexType>
   </xs:element>

   <xs:complexType name = "country">
      <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name = "name" type = "xs:string"/>
         <xs:element name = "population" type = "xs:int"/>
         <xs:element name = "capital" type = "xs:string"/>
         <xs:element name = "currency" type = "tns:currency"/>
      </xs:sequence>
   </xs:complexType>

   <xs:simpleType name = "currency">
      <xs:restriction base = "xs:string">
         <xs:enumeration value = "GBP"/>
         <xs:enumeration value = "USD"/>
         <xs:enumeration value = "INR"/>
      </xs:restriction>
   </xs:simpleType>
</xs:schema>

Create the Project

Let us open the command console, go the C:\MVN directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN>mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeGroupId = org.springframework.ws 
-DarchetypeArtifactId = spring-ws-archetype -DgroupId = com.tutorialspoint 
-DartifactId = countryService

Maven will start processing and will create the complete Java Application Project Structure.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building Maven Stub Project (No POM) 1
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] Using property: groupId = com.tutorialspoint
[INFO] Using property: artifactId = countryService
Define value for property 'version':  1.0-SNAPSHOT: :
[INFO] Using property: package = com.tutorialspoint
Confirm properties configuration:
groupId: com.tutorialspoint
artifactId: countryService
version: 1.0-SNAPSHOT
package: com.tutorialspoint
 Y: :
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
[INFO] Using following parameters for creating project from Old (1.x) Archetype:
 spring-ws-archetype:2.0.0-M1
[INFO] -------------------------------------------------------------------------
---
[INFO] Parameter: groupId, Value: com.tutorialspoint
[INFO] Parameter: packageName, Value: com.tutorialspoint
[INFO] Parameter: package, Value: com.tutorialspoint
[INFO] Parameter: artifactId, Value: countryService
[INFO] Parameter: basedir, Value: C:\mvn
[INFO] Parameter: version, Value: 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] project created from Old (1.x) Archetype in dir: C:\mvn\countryService
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 35.989 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-01-21T11:18:31+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 17M/178M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Now go to C:/MVN directory. We will see a java application project created named countryService (as specified in artifactId). Update the pom.xml.

pom.xml

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
   
   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.tutorialspoint.hr</groupId>
   <artifactId>countryService</artifactId>
   <packaging>war</packaging>
   <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <name>countryService Spring-WS Application</name>
   <url>http://www.springframework.org/spring-ws</url>
   
   <build>
      <finalName>countryService</finalName>
   </build>
   
   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-ws-core</artifactId>
         <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jdom</groupId>
         <artifactId>jdom</artifactId>
         <version>1.0</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jaxen</groupId>
         <artifactId>jaxen</artifactId>
         <version>1.1</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
         <artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
         <version>1.6.2</version>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>
</project>

Create Domain Classes

Copy the countries.xsd in C:\mvn\countryService\src\main\resources folder. Let us open the command console, go the C:\mvn\countryService\src\main\resources directory and execute the following xjc command to generate domain classes using the countries.xsd.

C:\MVN\countryService\src\main\resources>xjc -p com.tutorialspoint countries.xsd

Maven will start processing and will create the domain classes in com.tutorialspoint package.

parsing a schema...
compiling a schema...
com\tutorialspoint\Country.java
com\tutorialspoint\Currency.java
com\tutorialspoint\GetCountryRequest.java
com\tutorialspoint\GetCountryResponse.java
com\tutorialspoint\ObjectFactory.java
com\tutorialspoint\package-info.java

Create folder java in C:\mvn\countryService\src\main folder. Copy all the classes in the C:\mvn\countryService\src\main\java folder. Create CountryRepository and CountryEndPoint to represent the country database and country server respectively.

CountryRepository.java

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.beans.propertyeditors.CurrencyEditor;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;

@Component
public class CountryRepository {
   private static final List<Country> countries = new ArrayList<Country>();

   public CountryRepository(){
      initData();
   }
   public void initData() {
      Country us = new Country();
      us.setName("United States");
      us.setCapital("Washington");
      us.setCurrency(Currency.USD);
      us.setPopulation(46704314);
   
      countries.add(us);
   
      Country india = new Country();
      india.setName("India");
      india.setCapital("New Delhi");
      india.setCurrency(Currency.INR);
      india.setPopulation(138186860);

      countries.add(india);
    
      Country uk = new Country();
      uk.setName("United Kingdom");
      uk.setCapital("London");
      uk.setCurrency(Currency.GBP);
      uk.setPopulation(63705000);
   
      countries.add(uk);
   }
   public Country findCountry(String name) {
      Assert.notNull(name);
      Country result = null;

      for (Country country : countries) {
         if (name.trim().equals(country.getName())) {
            result = country;
         }
      }
      return result;
   }
}

CountryEndPoint.java

package com.tutorialspoint.ws;

import org.jdom.JDOMException;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.Endpoint;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.PayloadRoot;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.RequestPayload;
import org.springframework.ws.server.endpoint.annotation.ResponsePayload;

import com.tutorialspoint.Country;
import com.tutorialspoint.CountryRepository;
import com.tutorialspoint.GetCountryRequest;
import com.tutorialspoint.GetCountryResponse;

@Endpoint
public class CountryEndPoint {
   private static final String NAMESPACE_URI = "http://tutorialspoint/schemas";
   private CountryRepository countryRepository;

   @Autowired
   public CountryEndPoint(CountryRepository countryRepository) throws JDOMException {
      this.countryRepository = countryRepository;
   }
   @PayloadRoot(namespace = NAMESPACE_URI, localPart = "getCountryRequest")
   @ResponsePayload
   public GetCountryResponse getCountry(@RequestPayload GetCountryRequest request) 
      throws JDOMException {
      
      Country country = countryRepository.findCountry(request.getName());
      GetCountryResponse response = new GetCountryResponse();
      response.setCountry(country);
      return response;
   }
}

/WEB-INF/spring-ws-servlet.xml

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:sws = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services/web-services-2.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.tutorialspoint"/>
   <sws:annotation-driven/>

   <sws:dynamic-wsdl id="countries"
      portTypeName = "CountriesPort"
      locationUri = "/countryService/"
      targetNamespace = "http://tutorialspoint.com/definitions">
      <sws:xsd location = "/WEB-INF/countries.xsd"/>
   </sws:dynamic-wsdl>
</beans>

/WEB-INF/web.xml

<web-app xmlns = "http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee
   http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd"
   version = "2.4">

   <display-name>TutorialsPoint Country Service</display-name>

   <servlet>
      <servlet-name>spring-ws</servlet-name>
      <servlet-class>org.springframework.ws.transport.http.MessageDispatcherServlet
      </servlet-class>
      <init-param>
         <param-name>transformWsdlLocations</param-name>
         <param-value>true</param-value>
      </init-param>
   </servlet>
   
   <servlet-mapping>
      <servlet-name>spring-ws</servlet-name>
      <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
   </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

Build the Project

Let us open the command console. Go the C:\MVN\countryService directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN\countryService>mvn clean package

Maven will start building the project.

INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building countryService Spring-WS Application 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.5:clean (default-clean) @ countryService ---
[INFO] Deleting C:\mvn\countryService\target
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ countrySer
vice ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 0 resource
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ countryService
---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. 
build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 4 source files to C:\mvn\countryService\target\classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ co
untryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory C:\mvn\countryService\src\test\resour
ces
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ country
Service ---
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ countryService ---

[INFO] No tests to run.
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-war-plugin:2.2:war (default-war) @ countryService ---
[INFO] Packaging webapp
[INFO] Assembling webapp [countryService] in [C:\mvn\countryService\target\count
ryService]
[INFO] Processing war project
[INFO] Copying webapp resources [C:\mvn\countryService\src\main\webapp]
[INFO] Webapp assembled in [5137 msecs]
[INFO] Building war: C:\mvn\countryService\target\countryService.war
[INFO] WEB-INF\web.xml already added, skipping
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 16.484 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-01-28T09:07:59+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 19M/170M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Run the Project

Once we have created the source and configuration files, export the countryService.war file in Tomcat's webapps folder.

Now, start the Tomcat server and ensure if we can access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser. Make a POST request to the URL – http://localhost:8080/countryService/ and by using any SOAP client make the following request.

<x:Envelope xmlns:x = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/" 
   xmlns:tns = "http://tutorialspoint/schemas">
   <x:Header/>
   <x:Body>
      <tns:getCountryRequest>
         <tns:name>United States</tns:name>
      </tns:getCountryRequest>
   </x:Body>
</x:Envelope>

You will see the following result.

<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV = "http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
   <SOAP-ENV:Header/>
   <SOAP-ENV:Body>
      <ns2:getCountryResponse xmlns:ns2 = "http://tutorialspoint/schemas">
         <ns2:country>
            <ns2:name>United States</ns2:name>
            <ns2:population>46704314</ns2:population>
            <ns2:capital>Washington</ns2:capital>
            <ns2:currency>USD</ns2:currency>
         </ns2:country>
      </ns2:getCountryResponse>
   </SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

Spring WS - Unit Test Server

In this chapter, we will understand how to unit test a web application service created by using the Spring WS.

Step Description
1 Update project countryService created in the Spring WS – Write Server chapter. Add src/test/java folder.
2 Create CustomerEndPointTest.java under the – src/test/java/com/tutorialspoint/ws folder and then update the POM.xml as detailed below.
3 Add spring-context.xml under the src/main/resources sub-folder.
4 The final step is to create content for all the source and configuration files and test the application as explained below.

POM.xml

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
   http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
   
   <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
   <groupId>com.tutorialspoint</groupId>
   <artifactId>countryService</artifactId>
   <packaging>war</packaging>
   <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
   <name>countryService Spring-WS Application</name>
   <url>http://www.springframework.org/spring-ws</url>
   <build>
      <finalName>countryService</finalName>
   </build>
   
   <dependencies>
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-ws-core</artifactId>
         <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
         <version>2.5</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework.ws</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-ws-test</artifactId>
         <version>2.4.0.RELEASE</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
         <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
         <version>3.1.2.RELEASE</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jdom</groupId>
         <artifactId>jdom</artifactId>
         <version>1.0</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>jaxen</groupId>
         <artifactId>jaxen</artifactId>
         <version>1.1</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>wsdl4j</groupId>
         <artifactId>wsdl4j</artifactId>
         <version>1.6.2</version>
      </dependency>
      
      <dependency>
         <groupId>junit</groupId>
         <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
         <version>4.5</version>
         <scope>test</scope>
      </dependency>
   </dependencies>
</project>

spring-context.xml

<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
   xmlns:context = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
   xmlns:sws = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services"
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/web-services/web-services-2.0.xsd
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

   <context:component-scan base-package = "com.tutorialspoint"/>
   <sws:annotation-driven/>

   <bean id = "schema" class = "org.springframework.core.io.ClassPathResource">
      <constructor-arg index = "0" value = "countries.xsd" />
   </bean>
</beans>

CustomerEndPointTest.java

package com.tutorialspoint.ws;

import javax.xml.transform.Source;

import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionReader;
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;
import org.springframework.ws.test.server.MockWebServiceClient;
import org.springframework.xml.transform.StringSource;

import static org.springframework.ws.test.server.RequestCreators.withPayload;
import static org.springframework.ws.test.server.ResponseMatchers.payload;

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration( locations = "/spring-context.xml" )
public class CustomerEndPointTest {
   @Autowired
   private ApplicationContext applicationContext;
   private MockWebServiceClient mockClient;

   @Before
   public void createClient() {
      mockClient = MockWebServiceClient.createClient(applicationContext);
      GenericApplicationContext ctx = (GenericApplicationContext) applicationContext;
      final XmlBeanDefinitionReader definitionReader = new XmlBeanDefinitionReader(ctx);
      definitionReader.setValidationMode(XmlBeanDefinitionReader.VALIDATION_NONE);
      definitionReader.setNamespaceAware(true);
   }
   @Test
   public void testCountryEndpoint() throws Exception {
      Source requestPayload = new StringSource(
         "<getCountryRequest xmlns = 'http://tutorialspoint/schemas'>"+
         "<name>United States</name>"+
         "</getCountryRequest>");				
      Source responsePayload = new StringSource(
         "<getCountryResponse xmlns='http://tutorialspoint/schemas'>" +
         "<country>" +
         "<name>United States</name>"+
         "<population>46704314</population>"+
         "<capital>Washington</capital>"+
         "<currency>USD</currency>"+
         "</country>"+
         "</getCountryResponse>");
      mockClient.sendRequest(withPayload(requestPayload)).andExpect(payload(responsePayload));
   }	
}

Build the Project

Let us open the command console, go to the C:\MVN\countryService directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN\countryService>mvn test

Maven will start building and test the project.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building countryService Spring-WS Application 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ countrySer
vice ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 2 resources
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ countryService
---
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ co
untryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory C:\MVN\countryService\src\test\resour
ces
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ country
Service ---
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ countryService ---

[INFO] Surefire report directory: C:\MVN\countryService\target\surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.tutorialspoint.ws.CustomerEndPointTest
Feb 27, 2017 11:49:30 AM org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager ret
rieveTestExecutionListeners
INFO: @TestExecutionListeners is not present for class [class com.tutorialspoint
.ws.CustomerEndPointTest]: using defaults.
Feb 27, 2017 11:49:30 AM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinition
Reader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring-context.xml]

Feb 27, 2017 11:49:30 AM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationC
ontext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@b
2eddc0: startup date [Mon Feb 27 11:49:30 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy
Feb 27, 2017 11:49:31 AM org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.server.Annotatio
nActionEndpointMapping afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Supporting [WS-Addressing August 2004, WS-Addressing 1.0]
Feb 27, 2017 11:49:31 AM org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory
 afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 1.386 sec
Feb 27, 2017 11:49:31 AM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationC
ontext doClose
INFO: Closing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@b2ed
dc0: startup date [Mon Feb 27 11:49:30 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 3.517 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-02-27T11:49:31+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 11M/109M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spring WS - Writing Client

In this chapter, we will learn how to create a client for the web application server created in the Spring WS - Writing Server using Spring WS.

Step Description
1 Update the project countryService under the package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the Spring WS – Writing Server chapter.
2 Create CountryServiceClient.java under the package com.tutorialspoint.client and MainApp.java under the package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the following steps.

CountryServiceClient.java

package com.tutorialspoint.client;

import org.springframework.ws.client.core.support.WebServiceGatewaySupport;
import com.tutorialspoint.GetCountryRequest;
import com.tutorialspoint.GetCountryResponse;

public class CountryServiceClient extends WebServiceGatewaySupport {
   public GetCountryResponse getCountryDetails(String country){
      String uri = "http://localhost:8080/countryService/";
      GetCountryRequest request = new GetCountryRequest();
      request.setName(country);

      GetCountryResponse response =(GetCountryResponse) getWebServiceTemplate()
         .marshalSendAndReceive(uri, request);
      return response;
   }
}

MainApp.java

package com.tutorialspoint;

import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;
import com.tutorialspoint.client.CountryServiceClient;

public class MainApp {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      CountryServiceClient client = new CountryServiceClient();
      Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
      marshaller.setContextPath("com.tutorialspoint");
      client.setMarshaller(marshaller);
      client.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
      GetCountryResponse response = client.getCountryDetails("United States");

      System.out.println("Country : " + response.getCountry().getName());
      System.out.println("Capital : " + response.getCountry().getCapital());
      System.out.println("Population : " + response.getCountry().getPopulation());
      System.out.println("Currency : " + response.getCountry().getCurrency());
   }
}

Start the Web Service

Start the Tomcat server and ensure that we can access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser.

Test Web Service Client

Right click on the MainApp.java in your application under Eclipse and use run as Java Application command. If everything is ok with the application, it will print the following message.

Country : United States
Capital : Washington
Population : 46704314
Currency : USD

Here, we have created a Client – CountryServiceClient.java for the SOAP based web service. MainApp uses CountryServiceClient to make a hit to the web service, makes a post request and gets the data.

Spring WS - Unit Test Client

In this chapter, we will learn how to unit test a client created in the Spring WS - Writing Client for the web application server created in chapter Spring WS - Writing Server using Spring WS.

Step Description
1 Update the project countryService under the package com.tutorialspoint as explained in the Spring WS - Writing Server chapter.
2 Create CountryServiceClientTest.java under the package com.tutorialspoint under folder SRC → Test → Java as explained in steps given below.

CountryServiceClientTest.java

package com.tutorialspoint;

import static org.junit.Assert.*;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller;

import com.tutorialspoint.client.CountryServiceClient;

public class CountryServiceClientTest {
   CountryServiceClient client;
   
   @Before
   public void setUp() throws Exception {
      client = new CountryServiceClient();
      Jaxb2Marshaller marshaller = new Jaxb2Marshaller();
      marshaller.setContextPath("com.tutorialspoint");
      client.setMarshaller(marshaller);
      client.setUnmarshaller(marshaller);
   }
   @Test
   public void test() {
      GetCountryResponse response = client.getCountryDetails("United States");
      Country expectedCountry = new Country();
      expectedCountry.setCapital("Washington");
      Country actualCountry = response.getCountry();
      Assert.assertEquals(expectedCountry.getCapital(), actualCountry.getCapital());
   }
}

Start the Web Service

Start the Tomcat server and ensure we are able to access other webpages from the webapps folder using a standard browser.

Unit Test Web Service Client

Let us open the command console, go to the C:\MVN\countryService directory and execute the following mvn command.

C:\MVN\countryService>mvn test

Maven will start building and testing the project.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building countryService Spring-WS Application 1.0-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:resources (default-resources) @ countrySer
vice ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] Copying 2 resources
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:compile (default-compile) @ countryService
---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. b
uild is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 10 source files to C:\MVN\countryService\target\classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-resources-plugin:2.6:testResources (default-testResources) @ co
untryService ---
[WARNING] Using platform encoding (Cp1252 actually) to copy filtered resources,
i.e. build is platform dependent!
[INFO] skip non existing resourceDirectory C:\MVN\countryService\src\test\resour
ces
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-compiler-plugin:3.1:testCompile (default-testCompile) @ country
Service ---
[INFO] Changes detected - recompiling the module!
[WARNING] File encoding has not been set, using platform encoding Cp1252, i.e. b
uild is platform dependent!
[INFO] Compiling 2 source files to C:\MVN\countryService\target\test-classes
[INFO]
[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.12.4:test (default-test) @ countryService ---

[INFO] Surefire report directory: C:\MVN\countryService\target\surefire-reports

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running com.tutorialspoint.CountryServiceClientTest
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:26 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory
afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:26 PM org.springframework.oxm.jaxb.Jaxb2Marshaller createJaxbC
ontextFromContextPath
INFO: Creating JAXBContext with context path [com.tutorialspoint]
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.457 sec
Running com.tutorialspoint.ws.CustomerEndPointTest
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.test.context.TestContextManager retr
ieveTestExecutionListeners
INFO: @TestExecutionListeners is not present for class [class com.tutorialspoint
.ws.CustomerEndPointTest]: using defaults.
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.beans.factory.xml.XmlBeanDefinitionR
eader loadBeanDefinitions
INFO: Loading XML bean definitions from class path resource [spring-context.xml]

Feb 27, 2017 8:45:27 PM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationCo
ntext prepareRefresh
INFO: Refreshing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@5
17c642: startup date [Mon Feb 27 20:45:27 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.addressing.server.Annotation
ActionEndpointMapping afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Supporting [WS-Addressing August 2004, WS-Addressing 1.0]
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.ws.soap.saaj.SaajSoapMessageFactory
afterPropertiesSet
INFO: Creating SAAJ 1.3 MessageFactory with SOAP 1.1 Protocol
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 1.243 sec
Feb 27, 2017 8:45:28 PM org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationCo
ntext doClose
INFO: Closing org.springframework.context.support.GenericApplicationContext@517c
642: startup date [Mon Feb 27 20:45:27 IST 2017]; root of context hierarchy

Results :

Tests run: 2, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 5.686 s
[INFO] Finished at: 2017-02-27T20:45:28+05:30
[INFO] Final Memory: 17M/173M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------


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