Spring JDBC - StoredProcedure Class


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The org.springframework.jdbc.core.StoredProcedure class is the superclass for object abstractions of RDBMS stored procedures. This class is abstract and it is intended that subclasses will provide a typed method for invocation that delegates to the supplied execute(java.lang.Object...) method. The inherited SQL property is the name of the stored procedure in the RDBMS.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for org.springframework.jdbc.core.StoredProcedure class −

public abstract class StoredProcedure
   extends SqlCall

Following example will demonstrate how to call a stored procedure using Spring StoredProcedure. We'll read one of the available records in Student Table by calling a stored procedure. We'll pass an id and receive a student record.

Syntax

class StudentProcedure extends StoredProcedure{
   public StudentProcedure(DataSource dataSource, String procedureName){
      super(dataSource,procedureName);
      declareParameter(new SqlParameter("in_id", Types.INTEGER));
      declareParameter(new SqlOutParameter("out_name", Types.VARCHAR));
      declareParameter(new SqlOutParameter("out_age", Types.INTEGER));
      compile();
   }
   public Student execute(Integer id){
      Map<String, Object> out = super.execute(id);
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(id);
      student.setName((String) out.get("out_name"));
      student.setAge((Integer) out.get("out_age"));
      return student;  	
   }
}

Where,

  • StoredProcedure − StoredProcedure object to represent a stored procedure.

  • StudentProcedure − StudentProcedure object extends StoredProcedure to declare input, output variable, and map result to Student object.

  • student − Student object.

To understand the above-mentioned concepts related to Spring JDBC, let us write an example which will call a stored procedure. To write our example, let us have a working Eclipse IDE in place and use the following steps to create a Spring application.

Step Description
1 Update the project Student created under chapter Spring JDBC - First Application.
2 Update the bean configuration and run the application as explained below.

Following is the content of the Data Access Object interface file StudentDAO.java.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.List;
import javax.sql.DataSource;

public interface StudentDAO {
   /** 
      * This is the method to be used to initialize
      * database resources ie. connection.
   */
   public void setDataSource(DataSource ds);
   
   /** 
      * This is the method to be used to list down
      * a record from the Student table corresponding
      * to a passed student id.
   */
   public Student getStudent(Integer id);  
}

Following is the content of the Student.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

public class Student {
   private Integer age;
   private String name;
   private Integer id;

   public void setAge(Integer age) {
      this.age = age;
   }
   public Integer getAge() {
      return age;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setId(Integer id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public Integer getId() {
      return id;
   }
}

Following is the content of the StudentMapper.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.RowMapper;

public class StudentMapper implements RowMapper<Student> {
   public Student mapRow(ResultSet rs, int rowNum) throws SQLException {
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(rs.getInt("id"));
      student.setName(rs.getString("name"));
      student.setAge(rs.getInt("age"));
      return student;
   }
}

Following is the implementation class file StudentJDBCTemplate.java for the defined DAO interface StudentDAO.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.sql.Types;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.sql.DataSource;

import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.SqlOutParameter;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.SqlParameter;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.namedparam.MapSqlParameterSource;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.namedparam.SqlParameterSource;
import org.springframework.jdbc.object.StoredProcedure;

public class StudentJDBCTemplate implements StudentDao {
   private DataSource dataSource;
   private JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplateObject;
   
   public void setDataSource(DataSource dataSource) {
      this.dataSource = dataSource;
      this.jdbcTemplateObject = new JdbcTemplate(dataSource);
   }
   public Student getStudent(Integer id) {    
      StudentProcedure studentProcedure = new StudentProcedure(dataSource, "getRecord");
      return studentProcedure.execute(id);      
   }    
}
class StudentProcedure extends StoredProcedure{
   public StudentProcedure(DataSource dataSource, String procedureName) {
      super(dataSource,procedureName);
      declareParameter(new SqlParameter("in_id", Types.INTEGER));
      declareParameter(new SqlOutParameter("out_name", Types.VARCHAR));
      declareParameter(new SqlOutParameter("out_age", Types.INTEGER));
      compile();
   }
   public Student execute(Integer id){
      Map<String, Object> out = super.execute(id);
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(id);
      student.setName((String) out.get("out_name"));
      student.setAge((Integer) out.get("out_age"));
      return student;  	
   }
}

The code you write for the execution of the call involves creating an SqlParameterSource containing the IN parameter. It's important to match the name provided for the input value with that of the parameter name declared in the stored procedure. The execute method takes the IN parameters and returns a Map containing any out parameters keyed by the name as specified in the stored procedure.

Following is the content of the MainApp.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
import com.tutorialspoint.StudentJDBCTemplate;

public class MainApp {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("Beans.xml");
      StudentJDBCTemplate studentJDBCTemplate = 
         (StudentJDBCTemplate)context.getBean("studentJDBCTemplate");
      
      Student student = studentJDBCTemplate.getStudent(1);
      System.out.print("ID : " + student.getId() );
      System.out.print(", Name : " + student.getName() );
      System.out.println(", Age : " + student.getAge()); 
   }
}

Following is the configuration file Beans.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd ">

   <!-- Initialization for data source -->
   <bean id = "dataSource" 
      class = "org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
      <property name = "driverClassName" value = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
      <property name = "url" value = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/TEST"/>
      <property name = "username" value = "root"/>
      <property name = "password" value = "admin"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- Definition for studentJDBCTemplate bean -->
   <bean id = "studentJDBCTemplate" 
      class = "com.tutorialspoint.StudentJDBCTemplate">
      <property name = "dataSource" ref = "dataSource" />    
   </bean>
      
</beans>

Once you are done creating the source and bean configuration files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, it will print the following message.

ID : 1, Name : Zara, Age : 10


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