PreparedStatementSetter Interface


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The org.springframework.jdbc.core.PreparedStatementSetter interface acts as a general callback interface used by the JdbcTemplate class. This interface sets values on a PreparedStatement provided by the JdbcTemplate class, for each of a number of updates in a batch using the same SQL.

Implementations are responsible for setting any necessary parameters. SQL with placeholders will already have been supplied. It's easier to use this interface than PreparedStatementCreator. The JdbcTemplate will create the PreparedStatement, with the callback only being responsible for setting parameter values.

Interface Declaration

Following is the declaration for org.springframework.jdbc.core.PreparedStatementSetter interface −

public interface PreparedStatementSetter

Usage

Step 1 − Create a JdbcTemplate object using a configured datasource.

Step 2 − Use JdbcTemplate object methods to make database operations while passing PreparedStatementSetter object to replace place holders in query.

Example

Following example will demonstrate how to read a query using JdbcTemplate class and PreparedStatementSetter interface. We'll read available record of a student in Student Table.

Syntax

final String SQL = "select * from Student where id = ? ";
List <Student> students = jdbcTemplateObject.query(
   SQL, new PreparedStatementSetter() {
   
   public void setValues(PreparedStatement preparedStatement) throws SQLException {
      preparedStatement.setInt(1, id);
   }
},
new StudentMapper());

Where,

  • SQL − Select query to read students.

  • jdbcTemplateObject − StudentJDBCTemplate object to read student object from database.

  • PreparedStatementSetter − PreparedStatementSetter object to set parameters in query.

  • StudentMapper − StudentMapper is a RowMapper object to map each fetched record to student object.

To understand the above-mentioned concepts related to Spring JDBC, let us write an example which will select a query. To write our example, let us have a working Eclipse IDE in place and use the following steps to create a Spring application.

Step Description
1 Update the project Student created under chapter Spring JDBC - First Application.
2 Update the bean configuration and run the application as explained below.

Following is the content of the Data Access Object interface file StudentDAO.java.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.List;
import javax.sql.DataSource;

public interface StudentDAO {
   /** 
      * This is the method to be used to initialize
      * database resources ie. connection.
   */
   public void setDataSource(DataSource ds);
   
   /** 
      * This is the method to be used to list down
      * a record from the Student table corresponding
      * to a passed student id.
   */
   public Student getStudent(Integer id);
}

Following is the content of the Student.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

public class Student {
   private Integer age;
   private String name;
   private Integer id;

   public void setAge(Integer age) {
      this.age = age;
   }
   public Integer getAge() {
      return age;
   }
   public void setName(String name) {
      this.name = name;
   }
   public String getName() {
      return name;
   }
   public void setId(Integer id) {
      this.id = id;
   }
   public Integer getId() {
      return id;
   }
}

Following is the content of the StudentMapper.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.RowMapper;

public class StudentMapper implements RowMapper<Student> {
   public Student mapRow(ResultSet rs, int rowNum) throws SQLException {
      Student student = new Student();
      student.setId(rs.getInt("id"));
      student.setName(rs.getString("name"));
      student.setAge(rs.getInt("age"));
      return student;
   }
}

Following is the implementation class file StudentJDBCTemplate.java for the defined DAO interface StudentDAO.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import java.util.List;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;

public class StudentJDBCTemplate implements StudentDAO {
   private DataSource dataSource;
   private JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplateObject;
   
   public void setDataSource(DataSource dataSource) {
      this.dataSource = dataSource;
      this.jdbcTemplateObject = new JdbcTemplate(dataSource);
   }
   public Student getStudent(final Integer id) {
      final String SQL = "select * from Student where id = ? ";
      List <Student> students = jdbcTemplateObject.query(
         SQL, new PreparedStatementSetter() {
		   
         public void setValues(PreparedStatement preparedStatement) throws SQLException {
            preparedStatement.setInt(1, id);
         }
      },
      new StudentMapper());
      return students.get(0);
   }
}

Following is the content of the MainApp.java file.

package com.tutorialspoint;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class MainApp {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("Beans.xml");
      StudentJDBCTemplate studentJDBCTemplate = 
         (StudentJDBCTemplate)context.getBean("studentJDBCTemplate");
      
      Student student = studentJDBCTemplate.getStudent(1);
      System.out.print("ID : " + student.getId() );
      System.out.println(", Age : " + student.getAge()); 
   }
}

Following is the configuration file Beans.xml.

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
   xmlns:xsi = "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
   xsi:schemaLocation = "http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
   http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd ">

   <!-- Initialization for data source -->
   <bean id = "dataSource" 
      class = "org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
      <property name = "driverClassName" value = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/>
      <property name = "url" value = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/TEST"/>
      <property name = "username" value = "root"/>
      <property name = "password" value = "admin"/>
   </bean>

   <!-- Definition for studentJDBCTemplate bean -->
   <bean id = "studentJDBCTemplate" 
      class = "com.tutorialspoint.StudentJDBCTemplate">
      <property name = "dataSource" ref = "dataSource" />    
   </bean>
      
</beans>

Once you are done creating the source and bean configuration files, let us run the application. If everything is fine with your application, it will print the following message.

ID : 1, Age : 17


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