Sort LinkedHashMap by Keys in Java

LinkedHashMap is a generic class that is used to implement Map Interface. Also, it is a sub class of the HashMap class therefore, it can use all the methods and also perform similar operations that a HashMap class is capable of.

Java provides various ways to sort LinkedHashMap, we will learn how to create and sort it by using its keys through this article.

Program to sort LinkedHashMap by Keys

Before jumping to the sorting program directly, let’s take a look at few concepts first −


As we have discussed earlier the LinkedHashMap class extends HashMap class to implement Map Interface. It maintains Key-Value pair. The Key is an object that is used to fetch and receive value associated with it. It stores the elements of the map in LinkedList in the order in which they are inserted i.e. it maintains the insertion order of elements. Also, whenever we return its element it will be printed in the insertion order.

The general syntax for LinkedHashMap is as follows −


LinkedHashMap< TypeOfKey, TypeOfValue > nameOfMap = new LinkedHashMap<>();

In the above syntax,

TypeOfKey − Specify the datatype of Keys.

TypeOfValue − Specify the datatype of values that are going to be stored in map.

nameOfMap − Give a suitable name to your map.

Tree Map

It is a class that is used to implement NavigableMap Interface. It stores the elements of the map in a tree structure. To sort the LinkedHashMap elements we need to use this class. The most obvious reason for this is that it provides an efficient alternative to store the key-value pairs in sorted order.

The general syntax for TreeMap is as follows −


TreeMap< TypeOfKey, TypeOfValue > nameOfMap = new TreeMap<>();

To sort the elements of LinkedHashMap, we require these methods also −

  • put() − It takes two arguments one for key and the other for its value, then insert them into the specified map.

  • get() − It returns the value associated with the specified key.

  • keyset() − It returns the set of keys of specified map.

  • putAll() − It takes an argument and copies its element to a new specified map.


  • Step 1 − Create an object of LinkedHashMap named ‘workers’ and use the ‘put()’ method that will insert elements to it.

  • Step 2 − Now, define a TreeMap named ‘SrtMap’ to store the sorted elements of map ‘workers’.

  • Step 3 − At the end, take a for each loop that will iterate through the sorted TreeMap ‘SrtMap’. Inside this loop, use ‘keySet()’ method to retrieve the values.


import java.util.*;
public class Srt {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      LinkedHashMap<String, Integer> workers = new LinkedHashMap<>();
      // Adding elements in the workers map
      workers.put("Vaibhav", 4000);
      workers.put("Ansh", 3000);
      workers.put("Vivek", 1500);
      workers.put("Aman", 2000);
      workers.put("Tapas", 2500);
      // printing details workers map in unsorted order
      System.out.println("Elements of the map: ");
      for (String unKey : workers.keySet()) {
         System.out.println("Name: " + unKey + ", Salary: " + workers.get(unKey));
      // create new tree map
      TreeMap<String, Integer> SrtMap = new TreeMap<>();
      // adding workers map details to new tree map
      // printing details workers map in sorted order
      System.out.println("Elements of the newly sorted map: ");
      for (String srtKey : SrtMap.keySet()) {
         System.out.println("Name: " + srtKey + ", Salary: " + workers.get(srtKey));


Elements of the map: 
Name: Vaibhav, Salary: 4000
Name: Ansh, Salary: 3000
Name: Vivek, Salary: 1500
Name: Aman, Salary: 2000
Name: Tapas, Salary: 2500
Elements of the newly sorted map: 
Name: Aman, Salary: 2000
Name: Ansh, Salary: 3000
Name: Tapas, Salary: 2500
Name: Vaibhav, Salary: 4000
Name: Vivek, Salary: 1500


In this article, we created a LinkedHashMap and through TreeMap we sorted it by keys. We also discovered the use of a few inbuilt methods of Map Interface such as put, putAll, get and so forth.

Updated on: 15-May-2023


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