Solidity - While Loop


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The most basic loop in Solidity is the while loop which would be discussed in this chapter. The purpose of a while loop is to execute a statement or code block repeatedly as long as an expression is true. Once the expression becomes false, the loop terminates.

Flow Chart

The flow chart of while loop looks as follows −

While loop

Syntax

The syntax of while loop in Solidity is as follows −

while (expression) {
   Statement(s) to be executed if expression is true
}

Example

Try the following example to implement while loop.

pragma solidity ^0.5.0;

contract SolidityTest {
   uint storedData; 
   constructor() public{
      storedData = 10;   
   }
   function getResult() public view returns(string memory){
      uint a = 10; 
      uint b = 2;
      uint result = a + b;
      return integerToString(result); 
   }
   function integerToString(uint _i) internal pure 
      returns (string memory) {
      
      if (_i == 0) {
         return "0";
      }
      uint j = _i;
      uint len;
      
      while (j != 0) {
         len++;
         j /= 10;
      }
      bytes memory bstr = new bytes(len);
      uint k = len - 1;
      
      while (_i != 0) { // while loop
         bstr[k--] = byte(uint8(48 + _i % 10));
         _i /= 10;
      }
      return string(bstr);
   }
}

Run the above program using steps provided in Solidity First Application chapter.

Output

0: string: 12
solidity_loops.htm
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