Social Mobility


Introduction

Movement, shift, and change are all shortened as mobility. The transition could occur from one location to another. Furthermore, because change has no monetary value, it is impossible to say whether it is for the better or the worse. When we prefix'social' with mobility, we mean that people or individuals in a social position or status change.

Social Mobility

Description- Diverse Group of People Together

Social Mobility

Social mobility refers to “the movement of an individual's social status from one status to another”. The change can be positive or negative, higher or lower, intergenerational or intragenerational.

The Closed System

A closed mobility system is one in which mobility is prescribed by norms. As a result, the closed system emphasises the hierarchy's associative nature. For example, consider the caste system.

Open System

The prescribed norms in an open system encourage mobility. There are independent ranking principles such as status, class, and power. Individuals in an open system are “assigned to different positions in the social structure based on their merit or achievement”. As an example, consider modern societies.

Types of Mobility

  • Moving within the same status category is referred to as “horizontal mobility”. A nurse who leaves one hospital to work as a nurse at another is an example of this.

  • “Vertical mobility”, on the other hand, entails moving from one social level to another. In the Army, a promotion in rank is an example of upward mobility, whereas a demotion in rank is an example of downward mobility.

  • “Upward Mobility” occurs when a person or group of people moves from a lower to a higher position, such as when a person from a lower caste who was previously in a lower position becomes a Minister and moves to a higher position after winning elections. He may not be able to change his caste, but he may be able to rise through economic and political means.

  • “Downward mobility” means losing one's higher position and occupying a lower position. Consider an individual who is an Engineer and holds a respectable position in society as a result of his occupation, education, and possibly caste.

  • “Intergenerational mobility” refers to a shift in social standing that occurs across generations, such as when a person from lower-class family graduates from medical school.

Sources of Mobility

Social mobility is facilitated by the following factors −

  • Achievements and Failures

  • Motivations

  • Skills and Training

  • Industrialization

  • Migration

  • Legislation

  • Urbanization

  • Modernization

  • Politicisation

Causes of Mobility

  • Education

  • Social Class & Poverty

  • Migration

  • Caste

Consequences of Mobility

You've probably heard the term “social mobility” while running a social life. Social mobility in people's lives occurs in a variety of contexts, and anyone can experience it. Indeed, both the perpetrators and those around them have suffered social consequences.

The impact of social mobility can be felt during people's lives. Furthermore, this social phenomenon appears to be very close to us and people's lives. However, few recognise his significant social impact.

Social Mobility Has a Positive Impact

The following are examples of social mobility that have a positive impact on society or individuals.

Encourage One's Advancement

The first beneficial effect is to encourage one's progress. This is because social mobility can change a person's social status from low to high. Many people, for example, remember when Indonesia was colonised and when it became independent as it is today.

Increasing the rate of Social Change

The second positive impact is the societal changes that have an impact on the social system. One type of social change that occurs is social mobility as a result of globalisation. People are becoming more aware of technological advancements, and so on.

Promote Social Integration

The final beneficial effect is increased social integration. This means that social mobility can have an impact on and increase community integration. For example, a family that relocates to a new location will experience social changes as they adjust their lifestyle, and so on.

The Negative Impact of Social Mobility

The following will explain some negative consequences.

Conflict

One of the negative consequences is that it causes conflict. Conflict is unavoidable for people who engage in social interactions and when social mobility occurs. The conflict may arise as a result of competition or a sense of injustice. It is unavoidable for people who engage in social interactions and when social mobility occurs. It could be due to rivalry or a sense of injustice.

Influences Health

The following negative effect is that it can harm a person's health. This usually occurs when a person suffers a downward vertical social impact or a decline in social status. It is undeniable that people will feel depressed, uncomfortable, and so on, which will lead to the occurrence of disease, particularly psychological disease.

Conclusion

  • Social Mobility refers to “the movement of an individual's social status from one status to another”.

  • “Upward Mobility” occurs when a person or group of people moves from a lower to a higher position, such as when a person from a lower caste who was previously in a lower position becomes a Minister and moves to a higher position after winning elections.

  • Consequences of Mobility You've probably heard the term “social mobility” while running a social life.

  • Social Mobility Has a Positive Impact The occurrence of social mobility has both positive and negative consequences.

  • This is because social mobility can change a person's social status from low to high.

  • Increasing the rate of social change The second positive impact is the societal changes that have an impact on the social system.

  • One type of social change that occurs is social mobility as a result of globalisation.

  • Conflict is unavoidable for people who engage in social interactions and when social mobility occurs.

  • It is unavoidable for people who engage in social interactions and when social mobility occurs.

FAQs

Q1. What exactly is social mobility, and why is it significant?

Ans. Individuals and families who pay attention to social mobility have the ability and opportunity to advance in society. It can assist them in reaching their full potential in terms of income, employment, education, location/postcode, and perceived social status.

Q2. How do we promote social mobility?

Ans. Education is frequently regarded as one of the most important determinants of social mobility. However, the socioeconomic status of one's parents has a significant impact on education and learning opportunities. Children from more affluent families have greater access to high-quality education.

Q3. What restricts social mobility?

Ans. The magnitude of social inequality is a major impediment to social mobility. This is because those from low socioeconomic groups are disadvantaged from the start, while those from high socioeconomic groups are favoured.

Updated on: 27-Feb-2023

330 Views

Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started
Advertisements