Shortest Subarray with Sum at Least K in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array A. We have to find the length of the shortest, non-empty, contiguous subarray of A whose sum is at least K. If there is no such subarray, then return -1.

So, if the input is like [5,3,-2,2,1] and k = 6, then the output will be 2, as we can see (5+3) >= 6

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • n := size of A

  • ans := n + 1, j := 0, sum := 0

  • Define one deque dq

  • for initialize i := 0, when i < n, update (increase i by 1), do −

    • if i > 0, then −

      • A[i] := A[i] + A[i - 1]

    • if A[i] >= K, then −

      • ans := minimum of ans and i + 1

    • while (not dq is empty and of A[i] - first element A[dq] >= K), do −

      • ans := minimum of ans and first element of i - dq

      • delete front element from dq

    • while (not dq is empty and A[i] <= last element of A[dq], do −

      • delete last element from dq

    • insert i at the end of dq

  • return (if ans is same as n + 1, then -1, otherwise ans)

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   public:
   int shortestSubarray(vector<int> &A, int K) {
      int n = A.size();
      int ans = n + 1;
      int j = 0;
      int sum = 0;
      deque<int> dq;
      for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
         if (i > 0)
         A[i] += A[i - 1];
         if (A[i] >= K) {
            ans = min(ans, i + 1);
         }
         while (!dq.empty() && A[i] - A[dq.front()] >= K) {
            ans = min(ans, i - dq.front());
            dq.pop_front();
         }
         while (!dq.empty() && A[i] <= A[dq.back()])
         dq.pop_back();
         dq.push_back(i);
      }
      return ans == n + 1 ? -1 : ans;
   }
};
main(){
   Solution ob;
   vector<int> v = {5,3,-2,2,1};
   cout << (ob.shortestSubarray(v, 6));
}

Input

{5,3,-2,2,1}, 6

Output

2
raja
Published on 04-Jun-2020 12:00:21
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