Setting column values as column names in the MySQL query result?

MySQLMySQLi Database

To set column values as column names in the query result, you need to use a CASE statement.

The syntax is as follows −

select yourIdColumnName,
max(case when (yourColumnName1='yourValue1') then yourColumnName2 else NULL
end) as 'yourValue1',
max(case when (yourColumnName1='yourValue2') then yourColumnName2 else NULL
end) as 'yourValue2',
max(case when yourColumnName1='yourValue3') then yourColumnName2 else NULL
end) as 'yourValue3’,
.
.
N
from valueAsColumn
group by yourIdColumnName
order by yourIdColumnName;

To understand the above syntax, let us create a table. The query to create a table is as follows −

mysql> create table valueAsColumn
   -> (
   -> UserId int,
   -> UserColumn1 varchar(10),
   -> UserColumn2 varchar(10)
   -> );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.75 sec)

Now you can insert some records in the table using insert command. The query is as follows −

mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(0,'John','A+');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.18 sec)
mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(0,'Carol','B');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.17 sec)
mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(0,'Sam','C');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.17 sec)
mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(1,'John','D');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.20 sec)
mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(1,'Carol','A');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.20 sec)
mysql> insert into valueAsColumn values(1,'Carol','C');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.15 sec)

Display all records from the table using a select statement. The query is as follows −

mysql> select *from valueAsColumn;

The following is the output −

+--------+-------------+-------------+
| UserId | UserColumn1 | UserColumn2 |
+--------+-------------+-------------+
|      0 | John        | A+          |
|      0 | Carol       | B           |
|      0 | Sam         | C           |
|      1 | John        | D           |
|      1 | Carol       | A           |
|      1 | Carol       | C           |
+--------+-------------+-------------+
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Here is the query to set column value as column names −

mysql> select UserId,
   -> max(case when (UserColumn1='John') then UserColumn2 else NULL end) as 'John',
   -> max(case when (UserColumn1='Carol') then UserColumn2 else NULL end) as 'Carol',
   -> max(case when (UserColumn1='Sam') then UserColumn2 else NULL end) as 'Sam'
   -> from valueAsColumn
   -> group by UserId
   -> order by UserId;

The following is the output −

+--------+------+-------+------+
| UserId | John | Carol | Sam  |
+--------+------+-------+------+
|      0 | A+   | B     | C    |
|      1 | D    | C     | NULL |
+--------+------+-------+------+
2 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 27-Feb-2019 14:39:58
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