Self Crossing in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array x of n numbers. We start at point (0,0) and moves x[0] units to the north direction, then x[1] units to the west direction, x[2] units to the south direction , x[3] units to the east direction and so on. In other words, after each move our direction changes counter-clockwise. We have to devise an one-pass algorithm with O(1) extra space to determine whether our path crosses itself, or not.

So if the array is like − [3,4,2,5]

Answer will be true.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • insert 0 at the index 4 of x

  • n := size of x, i := 4

  • for not initializing anything when i < n and x[i] > x[i - 2], increase i by 1 do −

    • Do nothing

  • if i is same as n, then, return false

  • if x[i] >= x[i - 2] - x[i - 4], then,

    • x[i - 1] = x[i - 1] - x[i - 3]

  • for increase i by 1, when i < n and x[i] < x[i - 2], increase i by 1 do −

    • Do nothing

  • return true when i is not same as n

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   public:
   bool isSelfCrossing(vector<int>& x) {
      x.insert(x.begin(), 4, 0);
      int n = x.size();
      int i = 4;
      for(; i < n && x[i] > x[ i - 2];i++);
      if(i == n) return false;
      if (x[i] >= x[i - 2] - x[i - 4]){
         x[i - 1] -= x[i - 3];
      }
      for (i++; i < n && x[i] < x[i - 2]; i++);
      return i != n;
   }
};
main(){
   Solution ob;
   vector<int> v = {3,4,2,5};
   cout << (ob.isSelfCrossing(v));
}

Input

{3,4,2,5}

Output

1
raja
Published on 27-May-2020 06:14:09
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