Sam Piroj Bharucha: Former Chief Justice of India

Justice Sam Piroj Bharucha was born on November 1st, 1936. He is an Indian lawyer who subsequently became a judge of the Supreme Court. He served as CJI for more than a year. Justice Bharucha authored 344 decisions and was a part of 1307 bench in his entire career. He is renowned for his opinions on constitutional issues. He was preceded by Justice Adarsh Sein Anand and succeeded by Justice Bhupinder Nath Kirpal.

Early Life and Education

He was born in Sikkim. He was raised in a well-known Hindu family. He has done Bachelor of Science and later on attain Bachelor Degree of Law.


Justice Sam Piroj Bharucha began his legal career during the following time period −

  • In 1960, he started his legal career as a Bombay High Court attorney.

  • In 1977, he was appointed an additional judge.

  • In 1978, his position as a judge was declared permanent, and in 1991, he was named Chief Justice of the Karnataka High Court.

  • He was appointed as a Judge to the Supreme Court of India in 1992, and lateron, in 2001 he was made Chief Justice of India.


Name Sam Piroj Bharucha
Date of Birth 1st November, 1936
Alma Matar Unknown
Official Tenure 11th January, 2001 – 6th May, 2002
President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Preceded Adarsh Sein Anand
Succeeded Bhupinder Nath Kirpal

As Judge

Additional Judge of Bombay High Court

Permanent Judge of Bombay High Court

Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court

Judge of the Supreme Court

Chief Justice of India

Notable Judgement

The notable judgments are −

B.R. Kapoor vs. State Of Tamil Nadu ((2001) 7 SCC 231)

In the current case, the bench determined that no one who was barred from serving in the State legislature due to a criminal conviction and subsequent sentence of incarceration may be chosen chief minister. This decision was made mostly via the reasoning of Bharucha J. It accomplished this by combining the reading of Article 164(1) with Article 164(4). Jayalalitha was relieved of her duties as Tamil Nadu's chief minister as a result of the case's ruling.

Supreme Court Bar Association vs. Union Of India ((1998) 225 SC)

The present case brought up the issue of whether or not the Supreme Court might suspend a lawyer's licence as a form of punishment when the lawyer was found guilty of contempt of court. The panel, which included Justice Bharucha, determined that it was improper for the Court to assume control over and carry out the operations of other statutory authorities. Hence, it was found that the Bar Council of India has the authority to suspend licences in the relevant case and that courts must exercise their jurisdiction under Article 142 in a reasonable manner.

Supreme Court Of India vs. Civil Advisory Jurisdiction ((1994) 6 SCC 360)

The word "consultation with the Chief Justice" under Article 217(1) of the Constitution implied consultation with a plurality of judges rather than simply the CJI, according to Justice S P Bharucha, who spoke on behalf of himself and Ahmadi J. in the present case. The Bench additionally ruled that the CJI must communicate with the four senior-most Supreme Court judges whenever a judge is transferred between high courts or appointed to the Supreme Court. Also, the CJI is expected to speak with at least the two senior-most Supreme Court judges before appointing a judge to a High Court.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Who had appointed Justice Bharucha as the Chief Justice of India?

Ans. The former President K. R. Narayanan had appointed Justice Bharucha as the chief justice of India.

Q2. Who appoints the President of India?

Ans. The elected members of both Houses of Parliament, as well as the elected members of the state and the union territories’ legislatures, make up the Electoral College that elect the president.

Q3. Which fund gives a salary to the Judges of the Supreme Court?

Ans. The Consolidated Fund of India gives salaries to the President of India.

Updated on: 13-Apr-2023


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