# Reversal Algorithm for Right Rotation of an Array using C++

In this article, we will understand the Reversal algorithm to rotate a given array by k-elements to the right, for example −

Input : arr[ ] = { 4, 6, 2, 6, 43, 7, 3, 7 }, k = 4
Output : { 43, 7, 3, 7, 4, 6, 2, 6 }
Explanation : Rotating each element of array by 4-element to the right gives { 43, 7, 3, 7, 4, 6, 2, 6 }.

Input : arr[ ] = { 8, 5, 8, 2, 1, 4, 9, 3 }, k = 3
Output : { 4, 9, 3, 8, 5, 8, 2, 1 }

## Approach to find The Solution

You can easily solve this problem by shifting each element to the right and repeating this procedure k-times. But this will take more time as its time complexity will be O(k * N).

Reversal Algorithm: Reversal reverses an array, and rotating an array can be done by reversing some element range. According to this algorithm −

• First, reverse the whole array.
• Modify k with the modulus of k with N(array size) because k is greater than N.
• Reverse the first k elements of the array to get in order.
• Then reverse the range of remaining elements, i.e., from k to N-1.

## Example

using namespace std;
#include <bits/stdc++.h>

void reverse(int nums[], int start,int end) {
int temp=0;
// reversing array with swapping start element with end element.
while(start<=end){
temp=nums[end];
nums[end]=nums[start];
nums[start]=temp;
start++;
end--;
}
}

int main() {
int arr[] = {4, 6, 2, 6, 43, 7, 3, 6, 2, 4, 5 };

int N = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);

int k = 4;
// reversing whole array
reverse(arr, 0, N-1);
k = k%N;
// reversing element range of 0 to k-1.

reverse(arr, 0, k-1);
// reversing element range of k to last element.
reverse(arr, k, N-1);
cout << "Array after rotating by k-elements : ";
for(int i = 0;i<N;i++)
cout << arr[i] << " ";
return 0;
}

## Output

Array after rotating by k-elements : 6 2 4 5 4 6 2 6 43 7 3

## Conclusion

In this article we discussed the problem of right rotation of an array by k-elements using the Reversal algorithm.We discussed what reversal algorithm is and how it can be implemented to solve this problem. We also discussed C++ code to solve this problem. We can write this code in any other language like C, Java, Python, etc. Hope you find this article helpful.