Retrieving group by result with arrays in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To retrieve group by result with arrays, use aggregate(). We will also use $addToSet operator. It adds a value to an array unless the value is already present, in which case $addToSet does nothing to that array.

Let us create a collection with documents −

> db.demo498.insertOne({id:1,Name:["Chris"]});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e86192b987b6e0e9d18f553")
}
> db.demo498.insertOne({id:2,Name:["David"]});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e86192d987b6e0e9d18f554")
}
> db.demo498.insertOne({id:3,Name:["Chris"]});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e861931987b6e0e9d18f555")
}
> db.demo498.insertOne({id:4,Name:["Bob"]});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e861942987b6e0e9d18f556")
}
> db.demo498.insertOne({id:5,Name:["David"]});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e861947987b6e0e9d18f557")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo498.find();

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e86192b987b6e0e9d18f553"), "id" : 1, "Name" : [ "Chris" ] }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e86192d987b6e0e9d18f554"), "id" : 2, "Name" : [ "David" ] }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e861931987b6e0e9d18f555"), "id" : 3, "Name" : [ "Chris" ] }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e861942987b6e0e9d18f556"), "id" : 4, "Name" : [ "Bob" ] }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e861947987b6e0e9d18f557"), "id" : 5, "Name" : [ "David" ] }

Following is the query to retrieve group by result with arrays in MongoDB −

> db.demo498.aggregate([{
...    $unwind : "$Name"
... }, {
...       $group : {
...          _id : $quot;$Name",
...          Id : {
...             $addToSet : "$id"
...          }
...       }
...    }
... ])

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : "David", "Id" : [ 5, 2 ] }
{ "_id" : "Bob", "Id" : [ 4 ] }
{ "_id" : "Chris", "Id" : [ 3, 1 ] }
raja
Published on 13-May-2020 09:15:03
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