Restrict keyword in C

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Here we will see what is the restrict keyword in C. The restrict keyword first introduced in C99 version. Let us see what is actually this restrict keyword.

• The restrict keyword is used for pointer declarations as a type quantifier of the pointer.

• This keyword does not add new functionalities. Using this the programmer can inform about an optimization that compiler can make.

• When the restrict keyword is used with a pointer p, then it tells the compiler, that ptr is only way to access the object pointed by this. So compiler will not add any additional checks.

• If the programmer uses restrict keyword then violate the above condition, it will generate some un-defined behavior.

Example

#include <stdio.h>
void my_function(int* x, int* y, int* restrict z) {
*x += *z;
*y += *z;
}
main(void) {
int x = 10, y = 20, z = 30;
my_function(&x, &y, &z);
printf("%d %d %d", x, y, z);
}

Output

40 50 30
Published on 30-Apr-2019 12:50:36