# Rearrange the string to maximize the number of palindromic substrings in C++

We are given with a string ‘str’ of any given length. The task is to rearrange the characters in such a manner that there will be maximum substrings that will be a palindrome string without adding or removing a character from the given input string. Palindrome string is the one in which the characters are arranged in such a manner that they pronounce the same from start and last.

## Let us see various input output scenarios for this −

Input − string str = "itnin"

Output − Rearrangement of the string to maximize the number of palindromic substrings is: iinnt.

Explanation − We are given a string type variable let’s say, str. Now we will rearrange the characters of an input string in such a manner that it will be a maximum palindrome string and if it’s not possible then it will return ‘NOT POSSIBLE’. So the output with the given input string is ‘iinnt.’

Input − string str = "abaaaabb"

Output − Rearrangement of the string to maximize the number of palindromic substrings is: aaaaabbb.

Explanation − We are given a string type variable let’s say, str. Now we will rearrange the characters of an input string in such a manner that it will be a maximum palindrome string and if it’s not possible then it will return ‘NOT POSSIBLE’. So the output with the given input string is aaaaabbb’

## Approach used in the below program is as follows

• Input a variable of string type, let’s say, str and calculate the size of a string and store it in a length named variable.

• Pass the data to the function Rearr_string(str, length).

• Inside the function Rearr_string(str, length)

• Declare an array of integer type of size 26 let’s say, arr and initialise it with 0.

• Declare a temporary variable ‘temp’ of type string.

• Start loop FOR from i to 0 till i is less than length. Inside the loop, set arr[str[i] - 'a']++.

• Start loop FOR from i to 0 till i less than 26. Inside the loop, start another loop FOR from j to 0 till j less than arr[i]. Inside the loop, set temp to temp + (char)(97 + i).

• Return temp.

• Print the result.

## Example

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
string Rearr_string(string str, int length){
int arr = { 0 };
string temp = "";
for(int i = 0; i < length; i++){
arr[str[i] - 'a']++;
}
for(int i = 0; i < 26; i++){
for(int j = 0; j < arr[i]; j++){
temp = temp + (char)(97 + i);
}
}
return temp;
}
int main(){
string str = "itinn";
int length = str.length();
cout<<"Rearrangement of the string to maximize the number of palindromic substrings is: "<<Rearr_string(str, length);
return 0;
}

## Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following Output

Rearrangement of the string to maximize the number of palindromic substrings is: iinnt