Rearrange an array to minimize sum of product of consecutive pair elements in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given a positive integer type array, let's say, arr[] of any given size. The task is to rearrange an array in such a manner that when we multiply an element with its alternative element and then add all the resultant elements then it should return the minimum sum.

Let us see various input output scenarios for this −

Input − int arr[] = {2, 5, 1, 7, 5, 0, 1, 0}

Output − Rearrangement of an array to minimize sum i.e. 7 of product of consecutive pair elements is: 7 0 5 0 5 1 2 1

Explanation − we are given an integer array of size 8. Now, we will rearrange the array i.e. 7 0 5 0 5 1 2 1. We will check whether its returning minimum sum i.e. 7 * 0 + 5 * 0 + 5 * 1 + 2 * 1 = 0 + 0 + 5 + 2 = 7.

Input − int arr[] = {1, 3, 7, 2, 4, 3}

Output − Rearrangement of an array to minimize sum i.e. 24 of product of consecutive pair elements is: 7 1 4 2 3 3

Explanation − we are given an integer array of size 6. Now, we will rearrange the array i.e. 7 1 4 2 3 3. We will check whether its returning minimum sum i.e. 7 * 1 + 4 * 2 + 3 * 3 = 7 + 8 + 9 = 24.

Approach used in the below program is as follows

  • Input an array of integer type elements and calculate the size of an array.

  • Sort an array using the sort method of C++ STL by passing array and size of an array to the sort function.

  • Declare an integer variable and set it with the call to the function Rearrange_min_sum(arr, size)

  • Inside the function Rearrange_min_sum(arr, size)

    • Create a variable, let's say, ‘even’ and ‘odd’ type of type vector which stores integer variables.

    • Declare a variable as temp and total and initialise it with 0.

    • Start loop FOR from i to 0 till i less than size. Inside the loop, check IF i is less than size/2 then push arr[i] to odd vector ELSE, push arr[i] to even vector

    • Call the sort method by passing even.begin(), even.end() and greater<int>().

    • Start loop FOR from i to 0 till i less than even.size(). Inside the loop, set arr[temp++] to even[j], arr[temp++] to odd[j] and total to total + even[j] * odd[j]

    • Return total

  • Print the result.

Example

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int Rearrange_min_sum(int arr[], int size){
   vector<int> even, odd;
   int temp = 0;
   int total = 0;
   for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
      if (i < size/2){
         odd.push_back(arr[i]);
      }
      else{
         even.push_back(arr[i]);
      }
   }
   sort(even.begin(), even.end(), greater<int>());
   for(int j = 0; j < even.size(); j++){
      arr[temp++] = even[j];
      arr[temp++] = odd[j];
      total += even[j] * odd[j];
   }
   return total;
}
int main(){
   int arr[] = { 2, 5, 1, 7, 5, 0, 1, 0};
   int size = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr[0]);
   //sort an array
   sort(arr, arr + size);
   //call function
   int total = Rearrange_min_sum(arr, size);
   cout<<"Rearrangement of an array to minimize sum i.e. "<<total<<" of product of consecutive pair elements is: ";
   for(int i = 0; i < size; i++){
      cout << arr[i] << " ";
   }
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following Output

Rearrangement of an array to minimize sum i.e. 7 of product of consecutive pair elements is: 7 0 5 0 5 1 2 1
raja
Updated on 02-Nov-2021 06:34:37

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