Random Pick with Weight in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array w of positive integers, were w[i] describes the weight of index i, we have to define a function pickIndex() which randomly picks an index in proportion to its weight.

So if the input is like [1,3], call pickIndex() five times, then the answer may come as − 0, 1, 1, 1, 0.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define an array v,
  • Through the initializer, initialize as
  • n := w[0]
  • for i in range 1 to size of w
    • w[i] := w[i] + w[i – 1]
    • n := w[i]
  • v = w
  • The pickIndex() will work as follows −
  • Take a random number r, perform r mod last element of v
  • take the smallest number, not smaller than r from v, then subtract first number of v from the element and return.

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   public:
   int n;
   vector <int> v;
   Solution(vector<int>& w) {
      srand(time(NULL));
      n = w[0];
      for(int i = 1; i < w.size(); i++){
         w[i] += w[i - 1];
         n = w[i];
      }
      v = w;
   }
   int pickIndex() {
      return upper_bound(v.begin(), v.end(), rand() % v.back()) - v.begin();
   }
};
main(){
   vector<int> v = {1,3};
   Solution ob(v);
   cout << (ob.pickIndex()) << endl;
   cout << (ob.pickIndex()) << endl;
   cout << (ob.pickIndex()) << endl;
   cout << (ob.pickIndex()) << endl;
   cout << (ob.pickIndex()) << endl;
}

Input

Initialize with [1, 3] and call pickIndex five times.

Output

1
1
1
1
0
raja
Published on 02-May-2020 17:10:45
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