PyQt5 - QMessageBox


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QMessageBox is a commonly used modal dialog to display some informational message and optionally ask the user to respond by clicking any one of the standard buttons on it. Each standard button has a predefined caption, a role and returns a predefined hexadecimal number.

Important methods and enumerations associated with QMessageBox class are given in the following table −

Sr.No. Methods & Description
1

setIcon()

Displays predefined icon corresponding to severity of the message

  • Question
  • Information
  • Warning
  • Critical
2

setText()

Sets the text of the main message to be displayed

3

setInformativeText()

Displays additional information

4

setDetailText()

Dialog shows a Details button. This text appears on clicking it

5

setTitle()

Displays the custom title of dialog

6

setStandardButtons()

List of standard buttons to be displayed. Each button is associated with

QMessageBox.Ok 0x00000400

QMessageBox.Open 0x00002000

QMessageBox.Save 0x00000800

QMessageBox.Cancel 0x00400000

QMessageBox.Close 0x00200000

QMessageBox.Yes 0x00004000

QMessageBox.No 0x00010000

QMessageBox.Abort 0x00040000

QMessageBox.Retry 0x00080000

QMessageBox.Ignore 0x00100000

7

setDefaultButton()

Sets the button as default. It emits the clicked signal if Enter is pressed

8

setEscapeButton()

Sets the button to be treated as clicked if the escape key is pressed

Example

In the following example, click signal of the button on the top level window, the connected function displays the messagebox dialog.

msg = QMessageBox()
msg.setIcon(QMessageBox.Information)
msg.setText("This is a message box")
msg.setInformativeText("This is additional information")
msg.setWindowTitle("MessageBox demo")
msg.setDetailedText("The details are as follows:")

setStandardButton() function displays desired buttons.

msg.setStandardButtons(QMessageBox.Ok | QMessageBox.Cancel)

buttonClicked() signal is connected to a slot function, which identifies the caption of source of the signal.

msg.buttonClicked.connect(msgbtn)

The complete code for the example is as follows −

import sys
from PyQt5.QtCore import *
from PyQt5.QtGui import *
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import *

def window():
   app = QApplication(sys.argv)
   w = QWidget()
   b = QPushButton(w)
   b.setText("Show message!")
   
   b.move(100,50)
   b.clicked.connect(showdialog)
   w.setWindowTitle("PyQt MessageBox demo")
   w.show()
   sys.exit(app.exec_())

def showdialog():
   msg = QMessageBox()
   msg.setIcon(QMessageBox.Information)
   
   msg.setText("This is a message box")
   msg.setInformativeText("This is additional information")
   msg.setWindowTitle("MessageBox demo")
   msg.setDetailedText("The details are as follows:")
   msg.setStandardButtons(QMessageBox.Ok | QMessageBox.Cancel)
   msg.buttonClicked.connect(msgbtn)

   retval = msg.exec_()

def msgbtn(i):
   print ("Button pressed is:",i.text())

if __name__ == '__main__':
   window()

The above code produces the following output. Message Box pops up when main windows’ button is clicked −

QMessageBox Output

If you click on Ok or Cancel button on MessageBox, the following output is produced on the console −

Button pressed is: OK
Button pressed is: Cancel
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