Program to print the DFS traversal step-wise using C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this tutorial, we will be discussing a program to print the steps of the traversal using Depth First Search in a given binary tree.

This would include every step that occurs in the depth-first search including the backtracking procedure as well.

During DFS, we will be traversing each node and simultaneously storing the parent node and the edge used. During the traversal, if the adjacent edge has been visited, then the exact node can be printed as a step in the depth-first search.

Example

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
const int N = 1000;
vector<int> adj[N];
//printing the steps in DFS traversal
void dfs_steps(int u, int node, bool visited[],
vector<pair<int, int< > path_used, int parent, int it){
   int c = 0;
   for (int i = 0; i < node; i++)
   if (visited[i])
      c++;
   if (c == node)
      return;
//marking the node as visited
   visited[u] = true;
   path_used.push_back({ parent, u });
   cout << u << " ";
   for (int x : adj[u]){
      if (!visited[x])
         dfs_steps(x, node, visited, path_used, u, it + 1);
   }
   for (auto y : path_used)
   if (y.second == u)
   dfs_steps(y.first, node, visited,
   path_used, u, it + 1);
}
void dfs(int node){
   bool visited[node];
   vector<pair<int, int> > path_used;
   for (int i = 0; i < node; i++)
   visited[i] = false;
   dfs_steps(0, node, visited, path_used, -1, 0);
   }
void add_edge(int u, int v){
   adj[u].push_back(v);
   adj[v].push_back(u);
}
int main(){
   int node = 11, edge = 13;
   add_edge(0, 1);
   add_edge(0, 2);
   add_edge(1, 5);
   add_edge(1, 6);
   add_edge(2, 4);
   add_edge(2, 9);
   add_edge(6, 7);
   add_edge(6, 8);
   add_edge(7, 8);
   add_edge(2, 3);
   add_edge(3, 9);
   add_edge(3, 10);
   add_edge(9, 10);
   dfs(node);
   return 0;
}

Output

0 1 5 1 6 7 8 7 6 1 0 2 4 2 9 3 10
raja
Updated on 01-Nov-2019 07:05:15

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