Program to print nodes in the Top View of Binary Tree using C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this tutorial, we will be discussing a program to print all the nodes that appear in the top view of a given binary tree.

For a particular binary tree, a node appears in its top view if it is the very first node at its horizontal distance. Horizontal distance for the left node of a node x is x-1 and for the right node of node x is x+1.

To solve this, we will do the level order traversal so that we get the topmost node for a particular level before the other nodes present at that level. Further, we will use hashing to check whether the selected node is visible in the top view or not.

Example

#include <iostream>
#include<queue>
#include<map>
using namespace std;
struct Node{
   Node * left;
   Node* right;
   int h_dist;
   int data;
};
Node* create_node(int key){
   Node* node=new Node();
   node->left = node->right = NULL;
   node->data=key;
   return node;
}
void print_topview(Node* root){
   if(root==NULL)
      return;
   queue<Node*>q;
   map<int,int> m;
   int h_dist=0;
   root->h_dist=h_dist;
   q.push(root);
   cout<< "Top View for the given tree:" << endl;
   while(q.size()){
      h_dist=root->h_dist;
      if(m.count(h_dist)==0)
         m[h_dist]=root->data;
      if(root->left){
         root->left->h_dist=h_dist-1;
      q.push(root->left);
      }
      if(root->right){
         root->right->h_dist=h_dist+1;
         q.push(root->right);
      }
      q.pop();
      root=q.front();
   }
   for(auto i=m.begin();i!=m.end();i++){
      cout<<i->second<< " ";
   }
}
int main(){
   Node* root = create_node(11);
   root->left = create_node(23);
   root->right = create_node(35);
   root->left->right = create_node(47);
   root->left->right->right = create_node(59);
   root->left->right->right->right = create_node(68);
   print_topview(root);
   return 0;
}

Output

Top View for the given tree:
23 11 35 68
raja
Published on 01-Nov-2019 10:45:48
Advertisements