Program to check if matrix is lower triangular in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Given a square matrix M[r][c] where ‘r’ is some number of rows and ‘c’ are columns such that r = c, we have to check that ‘M’ is lower triangular matrix or not.

Lower Triangular Matrix −

Lower triangular matrix is a matrix in which the elements below the main diagonal(including the main diagonal) are not zero and above elements are zero only.

Like in the given Example below −

In above figure the red highlighted elements are upper elements from the main diagonal which are zero and rest elements are non-zero.

Example

Input: m[3][3] = { {1, 0, 0},
   {2, 3, 0},
   {4, 5, 6}}
Output: yes
Input: m[3][3] == { {3, 0, 1},
   {6, 2, 0},
   {7, 5, 3} }
Output: no

Algorithm

Start
Step 1 -> define macro as #define size 4
Step 2 -> declare function to check matrix is lower triangular matrix
   bool check(int arr[size][size])
      Loop For int i = 0 and i < size and i++
      Loop For int j = i + 1 and j < size and j++
         If (arr[i][j] != 0)
            return false
         End
      End
   End
   return true
step 3 -> In main()
   Declare array int arr[size][size] = { { 1, 0, 0, 0 },
      { 2, 3, 0, 0 },
      { 4, 5, 6, 0 },
      { 7, 8, 9, 10 } }
   If (check(arr))
      Print its a lower triangular matrix
   Else
      Print its not a lower triangular matrix
Stop

Example

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
#define size 4
using namespace std;
// check matrix is lower triangular matrix
bool check(int arr[size][size]){
   for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
      for (int j = i + 1; j < size; j++)
         if (arr[i][j] != 0)
            return false;
   return true;
}
int main(){
   int arr[size][size] = { { 1, 0, 0, 0 },
      { 2, 3, 0, 0 },
      { 4, 5, 6, 0 },
      { 7, 8, 9, 10 } };
   if (check(arr))
      cout << "its a lower triangular matrix";
   else
      cout << "its not a lower triangular matrix";
   return 0;
}

Output

its a lower triangular matrix
raja
Published on 23-Sep-2019 07:29:39
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