Print the arranged positions of characters to make palindrome in C Program.

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

You are provided with a string str with some length n. Print the position of every element of the string so it can form a palindrome, else print a message “No palindrome” on screen.

What is palindrome?

Palindrome is a word, sequence of characters which reads same from the reverse or backward as from the forward manner, like MADAM, racecar.

To find a sequence or a word is palindrome we generally store the reverse of a word in a separate string and compare both if they are same then the given word or sequence is palindrome. But in this question we have to print the arrangement to make a word or a sequence in palindrome.

Like, there is a string str = “tinni” then it can be intni or nitin so we have to return any one of the sequence of arrangement as index starting from 1 and result can be either 2 3 1 4 5 or 3 2 1 5 4 of the two.

The above problem needs a solution like the given example below −

Example

Input: string str = “baa”
Output: 2 1 3
Input: string str = “tinni”
Output: 2 3 1 4 5

Algorithm

void printPalindromePos(string &str)
START
STEP 1: DECLARE vector<int> pos[MAX]
STEP 2: DECLARE AND ASSIGN n WITH LENGTH OF str
STEP 3: LOOP FOR i = 0 AND i < n AND i++
   pos[str[i]].push_back(i+1)
END LOOP
STEP 4: SET oddCount = 0
STEP 5: DECLARE oddChar
STEP 6: LOOP FOR i=0 AND i<MAX AND i++
   IF pos[i].size() % 2 != 0 THEN,
      INCREMENT oddCount BY 1
      SET oddChar AS i
   END IF
END FOR
STEP 7: IF oddCount > 1 THEN,
   PRINT "NO PALINDROME"
STEP 8: LOOP FOR i=0 AND i<MAX AND i++
   DECRLARE mid = pos[i].size()/2
   LOOP FOR j=0 AND j<mid AND j++
      PRINT pos[i][j]
   END LOOP
END LOOP
STEP 9: IF oddCount > 0 THEN,
   DECLARE AND SET last = pos[oddChar].size() - 1
   PRINT pos[oddChar][last]
   SET pos[oddChar].pop_back();
END IF
STEP 10: LOOP FOR i=MAX-1 AND i>=0 AND i--
   DECLARE AND SET count = pos[i].size()
   LOOP FOR j=count/2 AND j<count AND j++
      PRINT pos[i][j]
STOP

Example

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
// Giving the maximum characters
const int MAX = 256;
void printPalindromePos(string &str){
   //Inserting all positions of characters in the given string.
   vector<int> pos[MAX];
   int n = str.length();
   for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
      pos[str[i]].push_back(i+1);
      /* find the number of odd elements.Takes O(n) */
   int oddCount = 0;
   char oddChar;
   for (int i=0; i<MAX; i++) {
      if (pos[i].size() % 2 != 0) {
         oddCount++;
         oddChar = i;
      }
   }
   /* Palindrome can't contain more than 1 odd characters */
   if (oddCount > 1)
      cout << "NO PALINDROME";
   /* Print positions in first half of palindrome */
   for (int i=0; i<MAX; i++){
      int mid = pos[i].size()/2;
      for (int j=0; j<mid; j++)
         cout << pos[i][j] << " ";
   }
   // Consider one instance odd character
   if (oddCount > 0){
      int last = pos[oddChar].size() - 1;
      cout << pos[oddChar][last] << " ";
      pos[oddChar].pop_back();
   }
   /* Print positions in second half of palindrome */
   for (int i=MAX-1; i>=0; i--){
      int count = pos[i].size();
      for (int j=count/2; j<count; j++)
      cout << pos[i][j] << " ";
   }
}
int main(){
   string s = "tinni";
   printPalindromePos(s);
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run above program then it will generate following output −

2 3 1 4 5
raja
Published on 22-Aug-2019 07:59:41
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