Print all longest common sub-sequences in lexicographical order in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given two string str1 and str2. Our task is to create a program to Print all longest common subsequences in lexicographical order. 

Let’s take an example to understand the problem, 

Input: str1 = “gfare” ,  str2 = “rfare”

Output: fare

Solution Approach

In this problem, we will find all possible longest common subsequences and store them in a 2D matrix using Dynamic programming. After this, we will print sorted output by searching characters from a to z in the LCS.

Program to illustrate the working of our solution,

Example

Live Demo

#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#define MAX 100
using namespace std;

int LCSLength = 0;
int DP[MAX][MAX];

int calcLCSLenght(string str1, string str2, int l1, int l2, int i, int j) {
   
   int &lcsLen = DP[i][j];
   if (i==l1 || j==l2)
      return lcsLen = 0;
   if (lcsLen != -1)
      return lcsLen;

   lcsLen = 0;
   
   if (str1[i] == str2[j])
      lcsLen = 1 + calcLCSLenght(str1, str2, l1, l2, i+1, j+1);
   else
      lcsLen = max(calcLCSLenght(str1, str2, l1, l2, i+1, j), calcLCSLenght(str1, str2, l1, l2, i, j+1));
   return lcsLen;
}

void printAllLCS(string str1, string str2, int l1, int l2, char data[], int index1, int index2, int currentLCSlength) {
   if (currentLCSlength == LCSLength) {
     
      data[currentLCSlength] = '\0';
      puts(data);
      return;
   }
   if (index1==l1 || index2==l2)
      return;
   for (char ch='a'; ch<='z'; ch++) {
     
      bool done = false;
      for (int i=index1; i<l1; i++) {
         if (ch==str1[i]) {
            for (int j=index2; j<l2; j++) {
               if (ch==str2[j] && calcLCSLenght(str1, str2, l1, l2, i, j) == LCSLength-currentLCSlength) {
                  data[currentLCSlength] = ch;
                  printAllLCS(str1, str2, l1, l2, data, i+1, j+1, currentLCSlength+1);
                  done = true;
                  break;
               }
            }
         }
         if (done)
            break;
      }
   }
}

int main() {
   
   string str1 = "xysxysx", str2 = "xsyxsyx";
   
   int l1 = str1.length(), l2 = str2.length();
   memset(DP, -1, sizeof(DP));
   LCSLength = calcLCSLenght(str1, str2, l1, l2, 0, 0);
   char data[MAX];
   cout<<"All longest common sub-sequences in lexicographical order are\n";
   printAllLCS(str1, str2, l1, l2, data, 0, 0, 0);
   return 0;
}

Output

All longest common sub-sequences in lexicographical order are
xsxsx
xsxyx
xsysx
xysyx
xyxsx
xyxyx
raja
Published on 27-Jan-2021 04:58:20
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