Print a number as string of 'A' and 'B' in lexicographic order in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given a number N. Our task is to create a program to Print a number as string of ’A’ and ‘B’ in lexicographic order. 

Representation of all numbers as string of ‘A’ and ‘B’ is

1 = A
 2 = B
 3 = AA
 4 = AB
 5 = BA
 6 = BB
 7 = AAA
 8 = AAB


Let’s take an example to understand the problem, 

Input: N = 12

Output: BAB

Solution Approach

The string of ‘A’ and ‘B’ is similar to a binary number. To find the string, we will first find the length of string, using the fact that there are 2 numbers of length 1 (till size 2), 4 numbers of length 2 (till size 6), 8 numbers of length 3 (till size 14).  After finding the length we need to find the characters of the string. By iteratively updating the length remaining as we add numbers to the string. The character is decided based on comparing N with (2^(length remaining)), if N is smaller than the current character is ‘B’ otherwise its ‘A’. After each iteration we will decrease the length by 1 and if the character is ‘B’ will update N, and decrease it by num.

Program to illustrate the working of our solution,

Example

Live Demo

#include <iostream>
#include<math.h>
using namespace std;

int findStringLength(int M) {

   int stringLen = 1;
   while((pow(2, stringLen + 1) - 2) < M) {
      stringLen++;
   }
   return stringLen;
}

void printNumString(int N) {
   
   int stringLen, num, stringNumber;
   stringLen = findStringLength(N);
   stringNumber = N - (pow(2, stringLen) - 2);
   while (stringLen) {
      num = pow(2, stringLen - 1);

      if (num < stringNumber) {
         cout<<"B";
         stringNumber -= num; }
      else {
         cout<<"A";
      }
      stringLen--;
   }
}

int main() {
   int N = 47;
   cout<<"The number as sting of 'A' and 'B' in lexicographic order is ";
   printNumString(N);
   return 0;
}

Output

The number as sting of 'A' and 'B' in lexicographic order is BAAAA
raja
Published on 27-Jan-2021 09:29:26
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