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# Perl Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operator works on bits and performs bit by bit operation. Assume if $a = 60; and $b = 13; Now in binary format they will be as follows −

$a = 0011 1100 $b = 0000 1101 ----------------- $a&$b = 0000 1100 $a|$b = 0011 1101 $a^$b = 0011 0001 ~$a = 1100 0011

There are following Bitwise operators supported by Perl language, assume if $a = 60; and $b = 13

Sr.No. | Operator & Description |
---|---|

1 | &Binary AND Operator copies a bit to the result if it exists in both operands. Example− ($a & $b) will give 12 which is 0000 1100 |

2 | |Binary OR Operator copies a bit if it exists in either operand. Example− ($a | $b) will give 61 which is 0011 1101 |

3 | ^Binary XOR Operator copies the bit if it is set in one operand but not both. Example− ($a ^ $b) will give 49 which is 0011 0001 |

4 | ~Binary One's Complement Operator is unary and has the effect of 'flipping' bits. Example− (~$a ) will give -61 which is 1100 0011 in 2's complement form due to a signed binary number. |

5 | <<Binary Left Shift Operator. The left operand's value is moved left by the number of bits specified by the right operand. Example− $a << 2 will give 240 which is 1111 0000 |

6 | >>Binary Right Shift Operator. The left operand's value is moved right by the number of bits specified by the right operand. Example− $a >> 2 will give 15 which is 0000 1111 |

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