PatternSyntaxException class in Java regular expressionsn

The PatternSyntaxException class represents an unchecked exception thrown in case of a syntax error in regex string. This class contains three main methods namely −

  • getDescription() − Returns the description of the error.

  • getIndex() − Returns the error index.

  • getPattern() − Returns the regular expression pattern with error.

  • getMessage() − Returns the complete message congaing the error, index, regular expression pattern with error, indication of the error in the pattern.


 Live Demo

import java.util.Scanner;
import java.util.regex.Matcher;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;
import java.util.regex.PatternSyntaxException;
public class PatternSyntaxExceptionExample {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      //Reading String from user
      System.out.println("Enter a String");
      Scanner sc = new Scanner(;String input = sc.nextLine();
      //Regular expression to match first digits of a word
      String regex = "["; //\s+
      //Compiling the regular expression
      try {
         Pattern pattern = Pattern.compile(regex);
         //Retrieving the matcher object
         Matcher matcher = pattern.matcher(input);
         //Replacing all space characters with single space
         String result = matcher.replaceAll(" ");
         System.out.print("Text after removing unwanted spaces: \n"+result);
      }catch(PatternSyntaxException ex){
         System.out.println("Description: "+ex.getDescription());
         System.out.println("Index: "+ex.getIndex());
         System.out.println("Message: "+ex.getMessage());
         System.out.println("Pattern: "+ex.getPattern());


Enter a String
this is a [sample text [
Description: Unclosed character class
Index: 0
Message: Unclosed character class near index 0
Pattern: [