Online Election in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose in an election, the i-th vote was cast for persons[i] at time times[i]. Now, we have to implement the following query function: TopVotedCandidate.q(int t) this will find the number of the person that was leading the election at time t. Votes cast at time t will count towards our query. If there is a tie, the most recent vote (among tied candidates) wins.

So if we initialize this with TopVotedCandidate([0,1,1,0,0,1,0], [0,5,10,15,20,25,30]), then call q() like: q(3), q(12), q(25), q(15), q(24), q(8), then the result will be [0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1] for each call of q(). This is because at time 3, the votes are [0], and 0 is leading. At time 12, the votes are [0,1,1], and here 1 is leading. At time 25, the votes are [0,1,1,0,0,1], and 1 is leading (as ties go to the most recent vote.). This continues for 3 more queries at time 15, 24, and finally 8.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Create two maps m and count

  • In the initializer, do the following tasks

  • lead := -1

  • for i in range 0 to size of times array

    • x := times[i]

    • increase the value of count[persons[i]] by 1

    • if count[lead] <= count[persons[i]], then lead := persons[i] and m[x] := lead otherwise m[x] := lead

  • the q() method will be like

    • decrease the upper bound of t in m, and return the corresponding value

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class TopVotedCandidate {
   public:
   map <int, int> m;
   map <int, int> count;
   TopVotedCandidate(vector<int>& persons, vector<int>& times) {
      int lead = -1;
      for(int i = 0; i < times.size(); i++){
         int x = times[i];
         count[persons[i]]++;
         if(count[lead] <= count[persons[i]]){
            lead = persons[i];
            m[x] = lead;
         }else{
            m[x] = lead;
         }
      }
   }
   int q(int t) {
      return ((--m.upper_bound(t)) -> second);
   }
};
main(){
   vector<int> v1 = {0,1,1,0,0,1,0}, v2 = {0,5,10,15,20,25,30};
   TopVotedCandidate ob(v1, v2);
   cout << (ob.q(3)) << endl;
   cout << (ob.q(12)) << endl;
   cout << (ob.q(25)) << endl;
   cout << (ob.q(15)) << endl;
   cout << (ob.q(24)) << endl;
   cout << (ob.q(8)) << endl;
}

Input

Initialize the class using [0,1,1,0,0,1,0] and [0,5,10,15,20,25,30]. Call q()
method like below:
q(3)
q(12)
q(25)
q(15)
q(24)
q(8)

Output

0
1
1
0
0
1
raja
Published on 10-Apr-2020 13:31:53
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