# Naming the Return Values of a Function in Golang

Golang is a popular programming language known for its simplicity and scalability. One of the key features that makes Golang unique is its ability to name the return values of a function. In this article, we'll take a closer look at how to name the return values of a function in Golang and explore the benefits of doing so.

## What are Named Return Values in Golang?

In Golang, a function can return one or more values. By default, the return values are anonymous and are returned in the order in which they are declared. However, Golang allows developers to name the return values explicitly.

### Example

Here's an example of a function that returns two values −

package main

import "fmt"

func calculate(x, y int) (int, int) {
sum := x + y
diff := x - y
return sum, diff
}

func main() {
x := 10
y := 5
sum, diff := calculate(x, y)
fmt.Println("Sum:", sum)
fmt.Println("Difference:", diff)
}


### Output

Sum: 15
Difference: 5


In this example, the calculate function returns two integer values, sum and diff. However, these values are anonymous and do not have any explicit names.

## Naming the Return Values

To name the return values of a function in Golang, you can add the names to the function signature, separated by commas. Here's an example −

### Example

package main

import "fmt"

func calculate(x, y int) (sum int, diff int) {
sum = x + y
diff = x - y
return
}

func main() {
x := 10
y := 5
sum, diff := calculate(x, y)
fmt.Println("Sum:", sum)
fmt.Println("Difference:", diff)
}


### Output

Sum: 15
Difference: 5


In this example, the return values sum and diff are named explicitly in the function signature. This makes the code more readable and easier to understand.

## Benefits of Naming Return Values in Golang

There are several benefits to naming the return values of a function in Golang −

• Improves Readability − Naming return values makes the code more readable and easier to understand, especially when the function returns multiple values.

• Self-Documenting Code − Named return values can act as documentation for the code, making it easier for other developers to understand the function's purpose and output.

• Prevents Bugs − Naming return values can prevent bugs caused by the incorrect order of returned values.

• Facilitates Refactoring − Named return values make refactoring easier because developers can change the order of returned values without affecting the calling code.

## Conclusion

Naming the return values of a function in Golang is a powerful feature that can make your code more readable, self-documenting, and less prone to bugs. By explicitly naming the return values, you can improve the maintainability of your code and make it easier for other developers to understand. If you're new to Golang or want to learn more about its features, be sure to check out the official documentation.

Updated on: 26-Apr-2023

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