Name the different locators used in Selenium with python.

Selenium Web DriverAutomation TestingSoftware Testing

The different locators used in Selenium with python are listed below.

  • Id - The element is identified with its id attribute. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching id is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_id("id")
  • Name - The element is identified with its name attribute. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching name is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_name("name")
  • Xpath - The element is identified with the attributes and tagname. There are two types of xpath – absolute and relative.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_xpath("//input[@type='type']")
  • CSS - The element is identified with the help of css expression built with the help of attributes like id, class and tagName. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching css is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_css_selector("#id")
  • Link Text - The element is identified with its link text enclosed in anchor tag. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching link text is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_link_text("Home Link")
  • Partial Link Text - The element is identified by matching partially with its link text enclosed in anchor tag. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching partial link text is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_partial_link_text("Home")
  • Tagname – The element is identified by its tagname. NoSuchElementException is raised if the element has no matching tagname.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_tag_name("a")
  • Class name - The element is identified with its name of the class attribute. NoSuchElementException raised if element with matching class name attribute is not available.

Syntax

driver.find_element_by_class_name("search")

Example

Code Implementation with id locator.

from selenium import webdriver
#browser exposes an executable file
#Through Selenium test we will invoke the executable file which will then #invoke actual browser
driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path="C:\\chromedriver.exe")
# to maximize the browser window
driver.maximize_window()
#get method to launch the URL
driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm")
#to refresh the browser
driver.refresh()
# identifying the edit box with the help of id
driver.find_element_by_id("gsc-i-id1").send_keys("Selenium")
#to close the browser
driver.close()
raja
Published on 29-Jul-2020 10:51:19
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