N-ary Tree Preorder Traversal in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have one n-ary tree, we have to find the preorder traversal of its nodes.

So, if the input is like

then the output will be [1,3,5,6,2,4]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Define an array ans

  • Define a method called preorder(), this will take root

  • if root is null, then −

    • return empty list

  • insert value of root at the end of ans

  • for all child i in children array of root

    • preorder(i)

  • return ans

Example 

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
void print_vector(vector<auto> v){
   cout << "[";
   for(int i = 0; i<v.size(); i++){
      cout << v[i] << ", ";
   }
   cout << "]"<<endl;
}
class Node {
public:
   int val;
   vector<Node*> children;
   Node() {}
   Node(int _val) {
      val = _val;
   }
   Node(int _val, vector<Node*> _children) {
      val = _val;
      children = _children;
   }
};
class Solution {
public:
   vector<int&g; ans;
   vector<int> preorder(Node* root) {
      if (!root)
         return {};
      ans.emplace_back(root->val);
      for (auto i : root->children)
         preorder(i);
      return ans;
   }
};
main(){
   Solution ob;
   Node *node5 = new Node(5), *node6 = new Node(6);
   vector<Node*> child_of_3 = {node5, node6};
   Node* node3 = new Node(3, child_of_3);
   Node *node2 = new Node(2), *node4 = new Node(4);l
   vector<Node*> child_of_1 = {node3, node2, node4};
   Node *node1 = new Node(1, child_of_1);
   print_vector(ob.preorder(node1));
}

Input

Node *node5 = new Node(5), *node6 = new Node(6);
vector<Node*> child_of_3 = {node5, node6};
Node* node3 = new Node(3, child_of_3);
Node *node2 = new Node(2), *node4 = new Node(4);
vector<Node*> child_of_1 = {node3, node2, node4};
Node *node1 = new Node(1, child_of_1);

Output

[1, 3, 5, 6, 2, 4, ]
raja
Published on 11-Jun-2020 15:24:33
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