MongoDB query to return only embedded document?



It is not possible to return only embedded document. However, it will return all the documents from a collection. Let us first implement the following query to create a collection with documents

>db.queryToEmbeddedDocument.insertOne({"UserName":"Larry","PostDetails":[{"UserMessage":"Hello","UserLikes":8},{"UserMessage":"Hi","UserLikes":6},{"UserMessage":"Good Morning","UserLikes":12},{"UserMessage":"Awesome","UserLikes":4}]});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c988a9f330fd0aa0d2fe4bd")
}

Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method

> db.queryToEmbeddedDocument.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c988a9f330fd0aa0d2fe4bd"),
   "UserName" : "Larry",
   "PostDetails" : [
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Hello",
         "UserLikes" : 8
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Hi",
         "UserLikes" : 6
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Good Morning",
         "UserLikes" : 12
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Awesome",
         "UserLikes" : 4
      }
   ]
}

Following is the query to return all the documents from a collection

> db.queryToEmbeddedDocument.find({"PostDetails.UserLikes": {$gte: 8}},{PostDetails:1}).pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c988a9f330fd0aa0d2fe4bd"),
   "PostDetails" : [
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Hello",
         "UserLikes" : 8
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Hi",
         "UserLikes" : 6
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Good Morning",
         "UserLikes" : 12
      },
      {
         "UserMessage" : "Awesome",
         "UserLikes" : 4
      }
   ]
}

Look at the above sample output, we are getting all the documents while we want only those documents in which “UserLikes” are greater than or equal to 8.


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