MongoDB aggregation to sum individual properties on an object in an array across documents

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

For this, use aggregate() in MongoDB. Let us first create a collection with documents −

> db.demo131.insertOne(
...    {
...       "_id": 101,
...       "Details": [
...          {
...             "PlayerScore": 500,
...             "PlayerName": "Chris"
...          },
...          {
...             "PlayerScore": 400,
...             "PlayerName": "David"
...          }
...       ]
...    }
... );
{ "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : 101 }
> db.demo131.insertOne(
...    {
...       "_id": 102,
...       "Details": [
...          {
...             "PlayerScore": 600,
...             "PlayerName": "Chris"
...          },
...          {
...             "PlayerScore": 200,
...             "PlayerName": "David"
...          }
...       ]
...    }
... );
{ "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : 102 }

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo131.find();

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : 101, "Details" : [ { "PlayerScore" : 500, "PlayerName" : "Chris" }, { "PlayerScore" : 400, "PlayerName" : "David" } ] }
{ "_id" : 102, "Details" : [ { "PlayerScore" : 600, "PlayerName" : "Chris" }, { "PlayerScore" : 200, "PlayerName" : "David" } ] }

Following is the query to sum individual properties on an object in an array −

> db.demo131.aggregate([
...    { $unwind: "$Details" },
...    {
...       $group: {
...          _id:"$Details.PlayerName",
...          Value:{$sum:"$Details.PlayerScore"}
...       }
...    },
... {
...    $group: {
...       _id: 0,
...       Details:{ $push: {Details:"$_id",Value:"$Value"}}
...       }
...    },
... {
...    $project:{Details:1,_id:0}
... } ])

This will produce the following output −

{ "Details" : [ { "Details" : "David", "Value" : 600 }, { "Details" : "Chris", "Value" : 1100 } ] }
raja
Published on 31-Mar-2020 11:55:55
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