Maximum sum of hour glass in matrix in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this problem, we are given a matrix. Our task is to create a program that finds the maximum sum of the hourglass in a matrix in C++.

Program description − Here, we will find the maximum sum of all hourglasses that can be created for the given matrix elements.

Hour glass is a 7 element shape made in the matrix in the following form,

X X X
  X
X X X

Let’s take an example to understand the problem,

Input

array ={
   {2 4 0 0}
   {0 1 1 0}
   {4 2 1 0}
   {0 3 0 1}}

Output

Explanation

Hour glass are :
2    4    0       0    1    1
     1                 2
4    2    1       0    3    0
4    0    0       1    1    0
     1                 1
2    1    0       3    0    1

So, an hourglass can be created using the following indexes,

matrix[i][j]    matrix[i][j+1]    matrix[i][j+2]
               matrix[i+1][j+1]
matrix[i+2][j] matrix[i+2][j+1]   matrix[i+2][j+2]

We will find the sum of all these elements of the array from [0][0] to [R2][C-2] starting points. And the find the maxSum for all these hourglasses created from array elements.

Example

Program to illustrate the working of our solution,

 Live Demo

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
const int row = 4;
const int col = 4;
int findHourGlassSum(int mat[row][col]){
   if (row<3 || col<3)
      return -1;
   int maxSum = 0;
   for (int i=0; i<row-2; i++){
      for (int j=0; j<col-2; j++){
         int hrSum = (mat[i][j]+mat[i][j+1]+mat[i][j+2])+ (mat[i+1][j+1])+ (mat[i+2][j]+mat[i+2][j+1]+mat[i+2][j+2]);
         maxSum = max(maxSum, hrSum);
      }
   }
   return maxSum;
}
int main() {
   int mat[row][col] = {
      {2, 4, 0, 0},
      {0, 1, 1, 0},
      {4, 2, 1, 0},
      {0, 3, 0, 1}};
      int maxSum = findHourGlassSum(mat);
      if (maxSum == -1)
         cout<<"Not possible";
      else
         cout<<"Maximum sum of hour glass created is "<<maxSum;
      return 0;
}

Output

Maximum sum of hour glass created is 14
raja
Published on 30-Jan-2020 12:20:48
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