Maximum number of segments of lengths a, b and c in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Given the task is to find the maximum number of line segments of lengths a, b and c that can be formed from given positive integer N.

Let’s now understand what we have to do using an example −

Input − N=8, a=3, b=1, c=2

Output − 8

Explanation − N can be divided into 8 segments of b which is maximum number of segments that can be made.

Input − N=13, a=2, b=7, c=3

Output − 6

Approach used in the below program as follows

  • In function MaxSegment() declare an array MaxSeg[N +1] of type int and initialize it with value -1.

  • The put the zero-th index equal to 0 as it will have no segments.

  • Loop from i=0 till i<N and check if (MaxSeg[i]! = -1).

  • Inside the above if statement put another statement if(i + a <=N) and put MaxSeg[i + a] = max(MaxSeg[i] + 1, MaxSeg[i + a]);

  • Repeat the above step for both b and c.

  • Outside the loop, return MaxSeg[N].

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int MaxSegment(int N, int a,int b, int c){
   /* It will store the maximum number of segments each index can have*/
   int MaxSeg[N + 1];
   // initialization
   memset(MaxSeg, -1, sizeof(MaxSeg));
   // 0th index will have 0 segments
   MaxSeg[0] = 0;
   // traversing for every segments till n
   for (int i = 0; i < N; i++){
      if (MaxSeg[i] != -1){
         if(i + a <= N ){
            MaxSeg[i + a] = max(MaxSeg[i] + 1, MaxSeg[i + a]);
         }
         if(i + b <= N ){
            MaxSeg[i + b] = max(MaxSeg[i] + 1, MaxSeg[i + b]);
         }
         if(i + c <= N ){
            MaxSeg[i + c] = max(MaxSeg[i] + 1, MaxSeg[i + c]);
         }
      }
   }
   return MaxSeg[N];
}
int main(){
   int N = 13, a = 2, b = 7, c = 3;
   cout << MaxSegment(N, a, b, c);
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code we will get the following output −

6
raja
Published on 17-Aug-2020 09:15:43
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