# Maximum number of partitions that can be sorted individually to make sorted in C++

We are given with an array of N numbers with elements lying in range 0 and N-1. The elements are unsorted. The goal is to find the maximum number of partitions of the array which can be sorted individually and then can be concatenated to make a whole sorted array of length N.

Each partition is chosen such that elements in it are unsorted. For N numbers ranging between 0 and N-1, sorted elements are at index equal to the value. Arr[i] = i.

We will solve this by comparing each element by maximum value found so far on its left. When reached at the correct position of maximum, (maximum == i ). All elements to its left are less so can make a separate partition. All to its right are greater. Now do the same procedure for the rest of the right elements and divide them into partitions.

Let’s understand with examples.

Input − Arr[]={ 0,3,2,1,4,5 }

Output − Maximum number of partitions − 3

Explanation − Starting from 0, Let max=0 Arr

Between index 0 and 3. 3 is maximum. When reached at index i=3 ( maxx==i). So first partition is [0,3,2,1]

For index 4, maximum is 4. Index i=4 ( maxx==i). So second partition is 

For index 5, maximum is 5. Index i=5 ( maxx==i). So second partition is 

Total 3 partitions [0,3,2,1]. Sort each and concatenate.

Input − Arr[]={ 5,4,3,2,1,0 }

Output − Maximum number of partitions − 1

Explanation − Starting from 0, Let max=0 Arr

Between index 0 and 5. 5 is maximum. When reached at index i=5 ( maxx==i). So only partition is [5,4,3,2,1,0]

## Approach used in the below program is as follows

• We take an integer array Num[] initialized with numbers in range 0 to N.

• Function partitions(int arr[], int n ) takes an array and its length as parameters and returns the count of maximum partitions that can be individually sorted to make the whole array sorted.

• Initial partition count is 0. Initial maximum value is in maxx as arr.

• For all elements starting from the leftmost element. Find if it's greater than maxx.

• If arr[i]>maxx is true. Update maxx.

• If the current maxx and index is the same. ( maxx==i ) then all elements upto i are part of one partition. Increment count.

• Do this for the rest of the elements on the right till end.

• Return the result as count.

## Example

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int partitions(int arr[], int n){
int count = 0;
int maxx = arr;
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
if(arr[i] > maxx)
maxx=arr[i];
if (maxx == i)
count++;
}
return count;
}
int main(){
int Num[] = { 2,1,0,4,5,3 };
int len = 6;
cout <<"Maximum partitions that can be sorted: "<<partitions(Num, len);
return 0;
}

## Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Maximum partitions that can be sorted: 18

Updated on: 29-Aug-2020

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