Maximum distinct lines passing through a single point in C

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

We are given the number N and coordinates of two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) for each line. The goal is to find the maximum number of lines from given lines that can pass through a single point such that no two lines cover each other, and no rotation is performed.

We will represent lines as pair of (m,c) where y=mx+c and m is slope m=y2-y1/x2-x1

Lines with same m are parallel given c1!=c2. We will count distinct slopes(m). For vertical lines if x1=x2, slope = INT_MAX else m.

Let us understand with an example.

Input 

Line 1 (x1,y1)=(4,10) (x2,y2)=(2,2)
Line 2 (x1,y1)=(2,2) (x2,y2)=(1,1)

Output 

Maximum lines: 2

Explanation − Total lines is 2. Both have different slopes.

Input 

Line 1 (x1,y1)=(1,5) (x2,y2)=(3,2)
Line 2 (x1,y1)=(2,7) (x2,y2)=(2,8)

Output 

Maximum lines: 2

Explanation − Total lines is 2. Both have different slopes.

Approach used in the below program is as follows

  • The integer array x1[] and x2[] are used to store the coordinates of points on lines.

  • Function numLines(int x1[],int y1[], int x2[], int y2[]) is counting the number of lines passing through a single point.

  • Applying the formula for each point in x1[],y1[],x2[],y2[] to calculate slope and incrementing the slopes count using k.

  • Array s[] stores the value of slopes.

  • Return k as count of lines in result.

Example

 Live Demo

#include <stdio.h>
int numLines(int n, int x1[], int y1[], int x2[], int y2[]){
   double s[10];
   int k=0;
   double slope;
   for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
      if (x1[i] == x2[i])
         slope = 999;
      else
         slope = (y2[i] - y1[i]) * 1.0 / (x2[i] - x1[i]) * 1.0;
         s[k++]=slope;
   }
   return k;
}
int main(){
   int n = 2;
   int x1[] = { 1, 5 }, y1[] = { 3, 2 };
   int x2[] = { 2,7 }, y2[] = { 2, 8 };
   printf("Maximum lines: %d", numLines(n, x1, y1, x2, y2));
   return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Maximum distinct lines passing through a single point : 2
raja
Published on 17-Aug-2020 12:25:15
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