Maximum difference of zeros and ones in binary string - (O(n) time) in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Given the task is to find a sub-string from a given binary string and then the maximum difference between the number of zeroes and the ones.

Let’s now understand what we have to do using an example −

Input

str = “10010110”

Output

2

Explanation

In the sub-array from the position 1 to 4 (“0010”), the difference between the zeros and ones = 3 – 1 = 2 which is the maximum that can be found.

Input

str = “00000”

Output

5

Approach used in the below program as follows

  • In main() function create a string str to store the binary string. Also declare an array int arr[str.length()+1];

  • Set all elements of arr[] = 0 by using memset(arr,0,sizeof(arr));

  • Loop from j = 1 till j<= str.length()

  • Check if(memset(arr,0,sizeof(arr)), if so then put arr[j]=max(arr[j-1]-1,-1);

  • Else put arr[j]=max(arr[j-1]+1,1);

  • Outside the loop print the maximum number by using *max_element(arr+1, arr+str.length()+1);

Example

 Live Demo

#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main(){
   string str = "10010110";
   int arr[str.length()+1];
   memset(arr,0,sizeof(arr));
   for(int j=1;j<=str.length();j++){
      if(str[j-1]=='1')
         arr[j]=max(arr[j-1]-1,-1);
      else
         arr[j]=max(arr[j-1]+1,1);
   }
   cout<<*max_element(arr+1,arr+str.length()+1);
   return 0;
}

Output

2
raja
Published on 04-Aug-2020 12:39:52
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