Maximize array sum after K negation in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Problem statement

Given an array of size n and a number k. We have to modify an array k number of times.

Modify array means in each operation we can replace any array element arr[i] by negating it i.e. arr[i] = -arr[i]. The task is to perform this operation in such a way that after k operations, the sum of an array must be maximum.

If input arr[] = {7, -3, 5, 4, -1} then maximum sum will be 20

  • First negate -3. Now array becomes {7, 3, 5, 4, -1}
  • Negate -1. Now array becomes {7, 3, 5, 4, 1}

Algorithm

1. Replace the minimum element arr[i] in array by -arr[i] for current operation
2. Once minimum element becomes 0, we don’t need to make any more changes. In this way we can make sum of array maximum after K operations

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int getMaxSum(int *arr, int n, int k){
   for (int i = 1; i <= k; ++i) {
      int minValue = INT_MAX;
      int index = -1;
      for (int j = 0; j < n; ++j) {
         if (arr[j] < minValue) {
            minValue = arr[j];
            index = j;
         }
      }
      if (minValue == 0) {
         break;
      }
      arr[index] = -arr[index];
   }
   int sum = 0;
   for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
      sum = sum + arr[i];
   }
   return sum;
}
int main(){
   int arr[] = {7, -3, 5, 4, -1};
   int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
   int k = 2;
   cout << "Maximum sum = " << getMaxSum(arr, n, k) << endl;
   return 0;
}

Output

When you compile and execute above program. It generates following output &mnus;

Maximum sum = 20
raja
Published on 24-Dec-2019 06:49:55
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