MariaDB - Backup Loading Methods
In this chapter, we will learn about various backup loading methods. Restoring a database from a backup is a simple and sometimes terribly long process.
There are three options in loading data: the LOAD DATA statement, mysqlimport, and a simple mysqldump restore.
Using LOAD DATA
The LOAD DATA statement functions as a bulk loader. Review an example of its use that loads a text file −
mysql> LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE 'products_copy.txt' INTO TABLE empty_tbl;
Note the following qualities of a LOAD DATA statement −
Use the LOCAL keyword to prevent MariaDB from performing a deep search of the host, and use a very specific path.
The statement assumes a format consisting of lines terminated by linefeeds (newlines) and data values separated by tabs.
Use the FIELDS clause to explicitly specify formatting of fields on a line. Use the LINES clause to specify line ending. Review an example below.
mysql> LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE 'products_copy.txt' INTO TABLE empty_tbl FIELDS TERMINATED BY '|' LINES TERMINATED BY '\n';
The statement assumes columns within the datafile use the same order of the table. If you need to set a different order, you can load the file as follows −
mysql> LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE 'products_copy.txt' INTO TABLE empty_tbl (c, b, a);
The mysqlimport tool acts as a LOAD DATA wrapper allowing the same operations from the command line.
Load data as follows −
$ mysqlimport -u root -p --local database_name source_file.txt
Specify formatting as follows −
$ mysqlimport -u root -p --local --fields-terminated-by="|" \ --lines-terminated-by="\n" database_name source_file.txt
Use the --columns option to specify column order −
$ mysqlimport -u root -p --local --columns=c,b,a \ database_name source_file.txt
Restoring with mysqldump requires this simple statement for loading the dump file back into the host −
shell> mysql database_name < source_file.sql
SPECIAL CHARACTERS AND QUOTES
In a LOAD DATA statement, quotes and special characters may not be interpreted correctly. The statement assumes unquoted values and treats backslashes as escape characters. Use the FIELDS clause to specify formatting. Point to quotes with “ENCLOSED BY,” which causes the stripping of quotes from data values. Change escapes with “ESCAPED BY.”