MariaDB - Administration
Before attempting to run MariaDB, first determine its current state, running or shutdown. There are three options for starting and stopping MariaDB −
- Run mysqld (the MariaDB binary).
- Run the mysqld_safe startup script.
- Run the mysql.server startup script.
If you installed MariaDB in a non-standard location, you may have to edit location information in the script files. Stop MariaDB by simply adding a “stop” parameter with the script.
If you would like to start it automatically under Linux, add startup scripts to your init system. Each distribution has a different procedure. Refer to your system documentation.
Creating a User Account
Create a new user account with the following code −
'newusername'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'userpassword';
This code adds a row to the user table with no privileges. You also have the option to use a hash value for the password. Grant the user privileges with the following code −
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON database1 TO 'newusername'@'localhost';
Other privileges include just about every command or operation possible in MariaDB. After creating a user, execute a “FLUSH PRIVILEGES” command in order to refresh grant tables. This allows the user account to be used.
The Configuration File
After a build on Unix/Linux, the configuration file “/etc/mysql/my.cnf” should be edited to appear as follow −
# Example mysql config file. # You can copy this to one of: # /etc/my.cnf to set global options, # /mysql-data-dir/my.cnf to get server specific options or # ~/my.cnf for user specific options. # # One can use all long options that the program supports. # Run the program with --help to get a list of available options # This will be passed to all mysql clients [client] #password = my_password #port = 3306 #socket = /tmp/mysql.sock # Here is entries for some specific programs # The following values assume you have at least 32M ram # The MySQL server [mysqld] #port = 3306 #socket = /tmp/mysql.sock temp-pool # The following three entries caused mysqld 10.0.1-MariaDB (and possibly other versions) to abort... # skip-locking # set-variable = key_buffer = 16M # set-variable = thread_cache = 4 loose-innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:1000M loose-mutex-deadlock-detector gdb ######### Fix the two following paths # Where you want to have your database data = /path/to/data/dir # Where you have your mysql/MariaDB source + sql/share/english language = /path/to/src/dir/sql/share/english [mysqldump] quick MariaDB 8 set-variable = max_allowed_packet=16M [mysql] no-auto-rehash [myisamchk] set-variable = key_buffer = 128M
Edit the lines “data= ” and “language= ” to match your environment.
After file modification, navigate to the source directory and execute the following −
./scripts/mysql_install_db --srcdir = $PWD --datadir = /path/to/data/dir -- user = $LOGNAME
Omit the “$PWD” variable if you added datadir to the configuration file. Ensure “$LOGNAME” is used when running version 10.0.1 of MariaDB.
Review the following list of important commands you will regularly use when working with MariaDB −
USE [database name] − Sets the current default database.
SHOW DATABASES − Lists the databases currently on the server.
SHOW TABLES − Lists all non-temporary tables.
SHOW COLUMNS FROM [table name] − Provides column information pertaining to the specified table.
SHOW INDEX FROM TABLENAME [table name] − Provides table index information relating to the specified table.
SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE [table name]\G – − Provides tables with information about non-temporary tables, and the pattern that appears after the LIKE clause is used to fetch table names.