Set Operations in LINQ


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There are four operators for the set operations, each yielding a result based on different criteria.

Operator Description C# Query Expression Syntax VB Query Expression Syntax
Distinct Results a list of unique values from a collection by filtering duplicate data if any Not Applicable Distinct
Except Compares the values of two collections and return the ones from one collection who are not in the other collection Not Applicable Not Applicable
Intersect Returns the set of values found t be identical in two separate collections Not Applicable Not Applicable
Union Combines content of two different collections into a single list that too without any duplicate content Not Applicable Not Applicable

Example of Distinct - Query Expression

VB

Module Module1

   Sub Main()
  
      Dim classGrades = New System.Collections.Generic.List(Of Integer) From {63, 68, 71, 75, 68, 92, 75}

      Dim distinctQuery = From grade In classGrades 
                          Select grade Distinct

      Dim sb As New System.Text.StringBuilder("The distinct grades are: ")
	  
      For Each number As Integer In distinctQuery
         sb.Append(number & " ")
      Next

      MsgBox(sb.ToString())
	  
   End Sub
   
End Module

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

The distinct grades are: 63 68 71 75 92

Example of Except - Enumerable.Except Method

C#

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace Operators {
   class Program {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
      
         double[] numbers1 = { 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5 };
         double[] numbers2 = { 2.2 };

         IEnumerable<double> onlyInFirstSet = numbers1.Except(numbers2);

         foreach (double number in onlyInFirstSet)
            Console.WriteLine(number);
            Console.ReadLine();
      }
   }
}

VB

Module Module1

   Sub Main()
   
      Dim numbers1() As Double = {2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5}
      Dim numbers2() As Double = {2.2}

      Dim onlyInFirstSet As IEnumerable(Of Double) = numbers1.Except(numbers2)

      Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
	  
      For Each number As Double In onlyInFirstSet
         output.AppendLine(number)
         Console.WriteLine(number)
      Next
	  
      Console.ReadLine()
     
   End Sub
   
End Module

When the above code of C# or VB is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

2
2.1
2.3
2.4
2.5

Example of Intersect - Enumerable.Intersect Method

C#

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace Operators {
   class Program {
      static void Main(string[] args) {

         int[] id1 = { 44, 26, 92, 30, 71, 38 };
         int[] id2 = { 39, 59, 83, 47, 26, 4, 30 };

         IEnumerable<int> both = id1.Intersect(id2);

         foreach (int id in both)
            Console.WriteLine(id);
            Console.ReadLine();
      }
   }
}	

VB

Module Module1

   Sub Main()
   
      Dim id1() As Integer = {44, 26, 92, 30, 71, 38}
      Dim id2() As Integer = {39, 59, 83, 47, 26, 4, 30}

      Dim intersection As IEnumerable(Of Integer) = id1.Intersect(id2)

      Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
	  
      For Each id As Integer In intersection
         output.AppendLine(id)
         Console.WriteLine(id)
      Next
     
      Console.ReadLine()
     
   End Sub
   
End Module

When the above code of C# or VB is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

26
30

Example of Union - Enumerable.Union Method

C#

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;

namespace Operators {
   class Program {
      static void Main(string[] args) {
      
         int[] ints1 = { 5, 3, 9, 7, 5, 9, 3, 7 };
         int[] ints2 = { 8, 3, 6, 4, 4, 9, 1, 0 };

         IEnumerable<int> union = ints1.Union(ints2);

         foreach (int num in union) {
            Console.Write("{0} ", num);
            Console.Write("\n");
         }
			
         Console.ReadLine();
      }
   }
}

VB

Module Module1

   Sub Main()
   
      Dim ints1() As Integer = {5, 3, 9, 7, 5, 9, 3, 7}
      Dim ints2() As Integer = {8, 3, 6, 4, 4, 9, 1, 0}

      Dim union As IEnumerable(Of Integer) = ints1.Union(ints2)

      Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
	  
      For Each num As Integer In union
         output.AppendLine(num & " ")
         Console.WriteLine(num & " ")
      Next
     
      Console.ReadLine()
	  
   End Sub
   
End Module

When the above code of C# or VB is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

5
3 
9 
7 
8 
6 
4 
1 
0
linq_query_operators.htm
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