# K-diff Pairs in an Array in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have an array and an integer k, we have to find the number of unique k-diff pairs in the array. Here the k-diff pair is like (i, j), where i and j are both are present in the array and their absolute difference is k.

So, if the input is like [3,1,4,1,5], k = 2, then the output will be 2, as there are two 2-diff pairs in the array-like (1,3) and (3,5).

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• Define maps called seen and done

• Define one set s

• if k < 0, then −

• return 0

• for initialize i := 0, when i < size of nums, update (increase i by 1), do −

• (increase seen[nums[i]] by 1)

• insert nums[i] into s

• ans := 0

• for each element it in s, do −

• if k is same as 0, then −

• if seen[it] > 1, then −

• (increase ans by 1)

• Otherwise

• increase done[it] by 1

• if (it + k) is in seen but not in done, then −

• (increase ans by 1)

• if (it - k) is in seen but not in done, then −

• (increase ans by 1)

• return ans

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h&g;
using namespace std;
class Solution {
public:
int findPairs(vector<int>& nums, int k) {
map<int, int> seen, done;
set<int> s;
if (k < 0)
return 0;
for (int i = 0; i < nums.size(); i++) {
seen[nums[i]]++;
s.insert(nums[i]);
}
int ans = 0;
for (auto it = s.begin(); it != s.end(); it++) {
if (k == 0) {
if (seen[*it] > 1)
ans++;
}
else {
done[*it]++;
if (seen.find(*it + k) != seen.end() && done.find(*it + k) == done.end())
ans++;
if (seen.find(*it - k) != seen.end() && done.find(*it - k) == done.end())
ans++;
}
}
return ans;
}
};
main(){
Solution ob;
vector<int> v = {3,1,4,1,5};
cout << (ob.findPairs(v, 2));
}

## Input

{3,1,4,1,5}, 2

## Output

2