# JavaScript Program for Rotate the matrix right by K times

The term "perform right rotation on a matrix" refers to shifting each column in the matrix to the right. This operation is repeated "k" times when specified. In other words, it's a right shift of the matrix that occurs "k" times. This program can be implemented using various programming languages but a simple yet effective approach is to consider JavaScript for rotating the matrix right by k times.

## How to rotate the matrix right by K times?

It is straightforward to carry out a right rotation on a matrix by k times, which involves shifting each column of the matrix to the right by k times. To demonstrate this, let's perform a manual right rotation on a matrix by k times using an example.

### Example

Let's take a matrix of size N*M, and a number K. We have to rotate the matrix k times to the right side.

Input matrix: N = 4, M = 4, K = 3
1 2 3 4
6 7 8 9
0 9 8 7
5 4 3 2
Output matrix:
4 1 2 3
9 6 7 8
7 0 9 8
2 5 4 3

Approach

The process of performing a right rotation k times may seem easy to understand, but it can be a bit challenging to implement. The approach involves copying the elements of each column of the ith row into a temporary array until m-k. Then, we transfer the elements from k to the end to the beginning of the ith row. Finally, we copy the elements back from the temporary array to the end of each ith row of the matrix.

Let’s see the algorithm for the approach that we will be using.

## Algorithm to rotate the matrix right by K times

STEP 1 − Determine the number of rows and columns in the matrix.

STEP 2 − Calculate the number of times each row needs to be shifted based on the value of k. This can be done using the modulus operator (%).

STEP 3 − For each row in the matrix, create a new array that contains the elements that need to be shifted.

STEP 4 − Use the splice() method to remove the shifted elements from the original row and add them to the beginning of the new row.

STEP 5 − Set the original row to the new row.

STEP 6 − Repeat steps 3-5 for each row in the matrix.

## Example

In this program, we define a MatrixRotation class that has two static methods: displayMatrix() and rotateMatrixRight().

The displayMatrix() method takes a matrix as input and displays it in the console. It uses a for loop to iterate over each row in the matrix and logs it to the console.

The rotateMatrixRight() method takes a matrix and a number k as input and returns a new matrix that has been rotated to the right by k positions. It uses the same algorithm as in the previous answer to perform the rotation.

In the example usage code, we define an input matrix and a value for k, and then call the rotateMatrixRight() method to perform the rotation. We display both the input and output matrices using the displayMatrix() method.

class MatrixRotation {
static displayMatrix(matrix) {
for (let i = 0; i < matrix.length; i++) {
console.log(matrix[i]);
}
}
static rotateMatrixRight(matrix, k) {
const numRows = matrix.length;
const numCols = matrix[0].length;
// Calculate the number of times each row needs to be shifted
const shifts = k % numCols;
// Rotate each row of the matrix
for (let i = 0; i < numRows; i++) {
const row = matrix[i];
// Create a new row that contains the shifted elements
const newRow = row.slice(numCols - shifts).concat(row.slice(0, numCols - shifts));
// Set the original row to the new row
matrix[i] = newRow;
}
return matrix;
}
}
// Example usage
const inputMatrix = [
[1, 2, 3],
[4, 5, 6],
[7, 8, 9]
];
const k = 2;
console.log("Input matrix:");
MatrixRotation.displayMatrix(inputMatrix);
const outputMatrix = MatrixRotation.rotateMatrixRight(inputMatrix, k);
console.log("Output matrix:");
MatrixRotation.displayMatrix(outputMatrix);


## Conclusion

A right rotation on a matrix by k times can be achieved using a few simple steps in JavaScript. The first step is to determine the number of rows and columns in the matrix. The next step is to calculate the number of times each row needs to be shifted to the right based on the value of k. Once the number of shifts is determined, the program can iterate through each row of the matrix, create a new array that contains the shifted elements from the original row, and update the original row with the shifted elements. By following these steps, we can rotate a matrix to the right by k times in JavaScript.

Updated on: 20-Apr-2023

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