Java Program to Sort a Map By Values

JavaCampus InterviewServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this article, we will understand how to sort a map by values. Java HashMap is a hash tablebased implementation of Java's Map interface. It is a collection of key-value pairs.

Below is a demonstration of the same −

Suppose our input is

Input HashMap:
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Python, Value = 75

The desired output would be

The HashMap after sorting is:
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Python, Value = 75

Algorithm

Step 1 - START
Step 2 - Declare namely
Step 3 - Define the values.
Step 4 - Use the ‘sort’ method to sort the elements of the map.
Step 5 - Use the ‘getValue’ method to fetch the values and use the ‘compareTo’ method to comare two values.
Step 6 - Iterate through the hashmap, and use the ‘getKey’ method to fetch the values into ‘temp’. Use ‘temp’ as the return value.
Step 7 - Display the result
Step 8 - Stop

Example 1

Here, we bind all the operations together under the ‘main’ function.

import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
public class Demo {
   public static HashMap<String, Integer> sort(HashMap<String, Integer> input_map){
      List<Map.Entry<String, Integer> > list =
      new LinkedList<Map.Entry<String, Integer> >(input_map.entrySet());
      Collections.sort(list, new Comparator<Map.Entry<String, Integer> >() {
         public int compare(Map.Entry<String, Integer> o1,
         Map.Entry<String, Integer> o2){
            return (o1.getValue()).compareTo(o2.getValue());
         }
      });
      HashMap<String, Integer> temp = new LinkedHashMap<String, Integer>();
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> aa : list) {
         temp.put(aa.getKey(), aa.getValue());
      }
      return temp;
   }
   public static void main(String[] args){
      HashMap<String, Integer> input_map = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
      input_map.put("Java", 45);
      input_map.put("Scala", 20);
      input_map.put("Mysql", 11);
      input_map.put("Python", 75);
      System.out.println("The HashMap is defined as:");
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> element : input_map.entrySet()) {
         System.out.println("Key = " + element.getKey() + ", Value = " + element.getValue());
      }
      Map<String, Integer> result_map = sort(input_map);
      System.out.println("\nThe HashMap after sorting is:");
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> element : result_map.entrySet()) {
         System.out.println("Key = " + element.getKey() + ", Value = " + element.getValue());
      }
   }
}

Output

The HashMap is defined as:
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Python, Value = 75

The HashMap after sorting is:
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Python, Value = 75

Example 2

Here, we encapsulate the operations into functions exhibiting object oriented programming.

import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
public class Demo {
   public static void main(String[] args){
      HashMap<String, Integer> input_map = new HashMap<String, Integer>();
      input_map.put("Java", 45);
      input_map.put("Scala", 20);
      input_map.put("Mysql", 11);
      input_map.put("Python", 75);
      System.out.println("The HashMap is defined as:");
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> element : input_map.entrySet()) {
         System.out.println("Key = " + element.getKey() + ", Value = " + element.getValue());
      }
      List<Map.Entry<String, Integer> > list =
      new LinkedList<Map.Entry<String, Integer> >(input_map.entrySet());
      Collections.sort(list, new Comparator<Map.Entry<String, Integer> >() {
         public int compare(Map.Entry<String, Integer> o1,
         Map.Entry<String, Integer> o2){
            return (o1.getValue()).compareTo(o2.getValue());
         }
      });
      HashMap<String, Integer> result_map = new LinkedHashMap<String, Integer>();
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> aa : list) {
         result_map.put(aa.getKey(), aa.getValue());
      }
      System.out.println("\nThe HashMap after sorting is:");
      for (Map.Entry<String, Integer> element : result_map.entrySet()) {
         System.out.println("Key = " + element.getKey() + ", Value = " + element.getValue());
      }
   }
}

Output

The HashMap is defined as:
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Python, Value = 75

The HashMap after sorting is:
Key = Mysql, Value = 11
Key = Scala, Value = 20
Key = Java, Value = 45
Key = Python, Value = 75
raja
Updated on 30-Mar-2022 07:33:04

Advertisements