# Java Program to Find Harmonic Series

The reciprocals of an arithmetic series without considering 0 is known as Harmonic series. If $a_{1},a_{2},a_{3}$… is arithmetic series then $\frac{1}{a1}$,$\frac{1}{a2}$,$\frac{1}{a3}$,… is the harmonic series. In this article, we will discuss how to implement a java program to find the harmonic series.

## Harmonic Series

For 1st term n = 1 and for every term n is incremented by 1 and at last the nth term the value is ‘n’.

Harmonic series : $1+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}$.......+$\frac{1}{n}$ Where, 1/n is the nth term of harmonic series.

### Examples

Harmonic Series: $\frac{1}{1}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}+.............\frac{1}{n}$

Example 1

Input: n = 4

Output: Harmonic Series till n is: $\frac{1}{1}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}$

In the above example, as the given input is 4, the series will start from $\frac{1}{1}$ and will print until $\frac{1}{4}$.

Example 2

Input: n = 7

Output − Harmonic Series till n are:$\frac{1}{1}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{6}+\frac{1}{7}$

In the above example, as the given input is 7, the series will start from 1/1 and will print until $\frac{1}{7}$.

## Algorithm

• Initialize an integer ‘n’.

• Use loop and print $\frac{1}{i}$ until the i value is not equal to n.

In this article, we will discuss the different ways to find the harmonic series using Java Program.

## Approach 1: Using for loop

In this approach, we will use for-loop and find the Harmonic series in Java.

The for loop is an iterative statement in java which executes the code until the condition fails.

for (initialization; condition; updation) {
// code
}

• initialization − We need to initialize the loop with a value and it is executed only once.

• condition − We need to specify a condition which specifies how many times the loop will be executed. The loop will be executed until this condition is true.

• updation − We need to specify the value by which the loop should be incremented. It updates the loop initialization value.

### Example

In this example, we initialise a variable ‘n’ with an integer value and we iterate over the variable and print the 1/value every time. Once, the condition in for-loop is failed we come out of the loop.

import java.util.*;
public class Main {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int n = 10;
System.out.print("Harmonic Series up to "+ n + " terms: ");
for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
System.out.print("1/" + i);
if (i != n) {
System.out.print(" + ");
}
}
System.out.println();
}
}


### Output

Harmonic Series up to 10 terms: 1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 + 1/8 + 1/9 + 1/10


Time Complexity: O(N) Auxiliary Space: O(1)

## Approach 2: Using while loop

In this approach we will discuss how to implement Java Program for finding the Harmonic Series using While-loop.

while(condition){
//code
}


The code gets executed until the condition becomes false.

### Example

In this example, we initialise a variable ’n’ with an integer value, we also initialize another variable ‘i’ for iterating using while loop and we iterate over the variable and print the $\frac{1}{i}$ and increment the value of ‘i’ by 1 every time. Once, the condition in while-loop is failed we come out of the loop.

import java.util.*;
public class Main {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int n = 10;
int i = 1;
System.out.print("Harmonic Series up to "+ n + " terms: ");
while (i <= n) {
System.out.print("1/" + i);
if (i != n) {
System.out.print(" + ");
}
i++;
}
System.out.println();
}
}


### Output

Harmonic Series up to 10 terms: 1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4+ 1/5+ 1/6 + 1/7+ 1/8+ 1/9+ 1/10

Time Complexity: O(N) Auxiliary Space: O(1)

In this article we have discussed the different approaches of finding Harmonic Series using Java program.

Updated on: 10-Apr-2023

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